Skip to main content

Table 1 Means of blood biochemical metabolites during transition period in high yielding dairy cows (n = 10)

From: Changes in metabolic and hormonal profiles during transition period in dairy cattle – the role of spexin

Blood indices Time of sample collection Multiple comparison p-values Overall P-value
pre cal post pre-cal cal-post pre-post
Spexin, ng/ml 32.74 18.45 24.46 < 0.001 0.025 < 0.001 < 0.001
NEFA, mmol/l 0.37 0.54 0.47 0.003 0.137 0.001 < 0.001
BHBA, mmol/l 0.78 0.94 0.96 0.049 0.954 0.001 0.001
Glucose, mg/dl 73.54 80.10 69.50 0.109 0.001 0.162 0.001
Insulin, ng/ml 0.71 0.81 0.42 0.888 0.037 0.008 0.002
IGF - I, ng/ml 118.64 128.45 135.64 NA NA NA 0.325
Triglycerides, mg/dl 38.62 38.84 34.68 0.994 0.052 0.032 0.008
Cholesterol, mg/dl 133.19 122.52 140.13 0.187 0.004 0.222 0.003
Ghrelin active, pg/ml 8.72 13.00 15.14 0.436 0.857 0.031 0.040
Ghrelin total, pg/ml 293.57 411.64 563.64 0.118 0.100 < 0.001 < 0.001
Leptin, ng/ml 19.25 17.44 18.73 NA NA NA 0.647
Corticosterone, ng/ml 1.17 8.51 7.68 0.019 0.935 < 0.001 < 0.001
Progesterone, ng/ml 5.59 1.73 2.37 NA NA NA 0.050
17 β-estradiol, pg/ml 106.61 117.11 19.88 0.990 0.144 0.006 0.003
AST, IU/l 61.15 55.22 62.41 NA NA NA 0.333
ALP, IU/l 35.68 38.06 33.76 NA NA NA 0.494
GGTP, IU/l 8.83 8.78 9.86 NA NA NA 0.440
  1. NA multiple comparisons not performed
  2. NEFA nonesterified fatty acid, BHBA β-hydroxybutyrate acid, IGF – I insulin-like growth factor I, AST aspartate transaminase: ALP alkaline phosphatase, GGTP gamma-glutamyl transferase, pre – mean concentration from -21d to -7d: cal – concentration at calving day, post – mean concetration from 7 to 21 day in milk