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Table 6 Comparison of nutrient concentration per 1000 kcal in diets for cats with meat or vegetarian/vegan

From: Influence of number of ingredients, use of supplement and vegetarian or vegan preparation on the composition of homemade diets for dogs and cats

  NRC
(/1000 kcal)
FEDIAF
(/1000 kcal)
Presence of meat and animal products
Diets with meat (± SD) Vegetarian and vegan diets (± SD) p
Crude protein (g) 50.00 83.30 135.71 ± 46.40 42.92 ± 14.31 0.0035
Ether extract (g) 22.50 22.50 33.94 ± 14.56 34.34 ± 37.99 0.4052
Crude fiber (g) 3.44 ± 3.03 10.89 ± 3.32 0.0139
Ash (g) 5.47 ± 1.67 6.11 ± 2.67 0.9113
Calcium (g) 0.72 1.97 1.76 ± 1.33 0.70 ± 0.32 0.2730
Phosphorus (g) 0.64 1.67 1.34 ± 0.47 1.13 ± 0.35 0.4457
Ca:P1 ratio 1.00 1.69 ± 2.01 0.60 ± 0.08 0.2130
Potassium (g) 1.30 2.00 1.01 ± 0.37 1.30 ± 0.67 0.4909
Magnesium (g) 0.10 0.13 0.23 ± 0.06 0.34 ± 0.19 0.4035
Sodium (g) 0.17 0.25 0.70 ± 0.42 0.30 ± 0.20 0.0870
Copper (mg) 1.20 1.67 12.31 ± 11.90 11.49 ± 12.39 0.6696
Iron (mg) 20.00 26.70 13.47 ± 5.61 12.71 ± 4.43 0.9613
Manganese (mg) 1.20 1.67 1.58 ± 2.69 8.77 ± 6.41 0.2004
Selenium (μg) 75.00 100.00 0.00 ± 0.00 69.00 ± 97.58 0.1200
Zinc (mg) 18.50 25.00 16.48 ± 8.67 10.91 ± 5.32 0.2800
  1. Legend: NRC recommended intake according to Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats [16], FEDIAF recommended intake according to Fédération Européenne de l’Industrie des Aliments pour Animaux Familiers [15], SD standard deviation; 1Ca calcium, P phosphorus
  2. aAll diets had a deficiency of this nutrient