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Table 1 Clinical findings a and complications in donkeys post CSF punctures

From: Collection of cerebrospinal fluid in 50 adult healthy donkeys (Equus asinus): clinical complications, and cytological and biochemical constituents

Variables Pre-sampling of CSF Post-sampling of CSF
Temperature (°C) 37.3 ± 0.6 36.6 ± 0.3b
Range (min – max) (37–37.7) (36.4–37.3)
Numbers (n) 50 50
Heart rate (beats/min) 34 ± 0.8 45 ± 1.3b
Range (min – max) (26–42) (29–60)
Numbers (n) 50 50
Respiratory rate (cycle/min) 17.5 ± 0.2 18.2 ± 0.6
Range (min – max) (13–22) (14–24)
Numbers (n) 50 50
Main clinical observations
(number of donkeys)
The appetite of all animals was normal with normal gait and posture. (50) 1. Five donkeys suffered from hind limb ataxia and recumbency and were unable to stand by themselves after AO puncture. However, they walked sound without difficulties 2 h thereafter.
2. Three cases showed local discomfort, inappetence and depression after LS puncture, and then 1 h later they ate normally.
  1. a Values are mean ± standard error of the mean; b significance (P < .05)