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Table 5 Statistical analysis (multinomial logistic regression) of the results obtained from the online questionnaire using the cats recently vaccinated as the reference category

From: A survey of Italian cat owners’ attitudes towards cat vaccination through a web-based questionnaire

Question Response optiona Cat not recently vaccinated Cat unvaccinated
p-value OR (95% Cl) p-value OR (95% Cl)
Origin of the cat Breeder/shop 0.024 0.239 (0.069–0.831) 0.764 0.788 (0.166–3.742)
Animal Shelter/charity/stray 0.572 1.207 (0.627–2.324) 0.628 1.221 (0.545–2.731)
Internet 0.836 0.819 (0.125–5.386) 0.602 1.536 (0.306–7.697)
Relatives/friends   1   1
Number of cats owned by respondent 1 0.517 0.818 (0.445–1.503) 0.511 1.270 (0.623–2.588)
≥ 2   1   1
Age of the cat 8 weeks – 1 year < 0.001 0.008 (0.001–0.070) 0.090 0.397 (0.136–1.157)
2–4 years < 0.001 0.019 (0.006–0.059) < 0.001 0.128 (0.044–0.377)
5–9 years 0.032 0.509 (0.274–0.945) 0.055 0.389 (0.149–1.021)
≥ 10 years   1   1
Indoor/outdoor access Indoor only 0.441 1.269 (0.692–2.330) 0.138 0.570 (0.271–1.199)
Indoor and outdoor   1   1
Previous cat’s experience Cattery/cat shows 0.728 0.833 (0.297–2.333) 0.092 0.131 (0.012–1.396)
Travel 0.543 0.807 (0.403–1.613) 0.284 0.599 (0.234–1.530)
None   1   1
Importance of factors influencing the vaccinated cats’ owners Cost Important 0.234 1.591 (0.740–3.421) 0.042 2.266 (1.030–4.989)
Unimportant   1   1
Veterinarian’s advice Important 0.230 0.497 (0.159–1.557) 0.128 0.366 (0.100–1.337)
Unimportant   1   1
Time necessary to vaccinate the cat Important 0.167 1.858 (0.771–4.476) 0.124 2.161 (0.810–5.767)
Unimportant   1   1
Cat’s lifestyle Important 0.010 2.801 (1.275–6.151) 0.242 1.703 (0.698–4.153)
Unimportant   1   1
Infectious diseases’ level of risk Important 0.185 0.429 (0.123–1.501) 0.816 0.846 (0.208–3.447)
Unimportant   1   1
Duration of Immunity (DOI) test knowledge Yes 0.984 1.007 (0.506–2.004) 0.295 0.643 (0.282–1.469)
No   1   1
Possible use of DOI test Yes 0.083 0.535 (0.264–1.084) 0.226 0.595 (0.257–1.379)
No   1   1
Age of respondent 17–20 years 0.936 1.084 (0.151–7.783) 0.244 0.340 (0.055–2.088)
21–49 years 0.285 0.641 (0.284–1.448) 0.072 0.412 (0.157–1.081)
≥ 50 years   1   1
Level of education of respondent Primary/middle school certificate 0.392 0.278 (0.015–5.206) 0.739 0.604 (0.031–11.764)
High school certificate 0.713 1.112 (0.632–1.958) 0.193 1.610 (0.786–3.296)
Bachelor/Master/PhD   1   1
Job of respondent Other 0.054 0.497 (0.244–1.013) 0.257 1.696 (0.681–4.225)
Students 0.993 1.006 (0.291–3.477) 0.876 1.205 (0.116–12.500)
Healthcare   1   1
Annual household income of respondent ≤ 9000 € 0.108 3.278 (0.771–13.932) 0.032 5.036 (1.152–22.022)
10–29,000 € 0.011 3.605 (1.350–9.629) 0.121 2.448 (0.790–7.581)
30–49,000 € 0.172 2.017 (0.736–5.529) 0.405 0.583 (0.164–2.078)
≥ 50,000 €   1   1
Children (≤ 13 years old) in the household of respondent Yes 0.711 0.857 (0.379–1.940) 0.693 1.186 (0.508–2.769)
No   1   1
  1. Significant results (p < 0.05) are reported in bold
  2. Cl Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio
  3. aThe word “Unimportant” combines the answers “not important” and “not very important” - The word “Important” combines the answers “important” and “very important”