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Table 1 Seroprevalence of RVFV and Brucella spp. in cattle, goats and sheep from Afgoye and Jowhar districts, Somalia 2017-2018

From: Rift Valley fever and Brucella spp. in ruminants, Somalia

Variable mRBPT – Brucella spp. iELISA – Brucella spp. cELISA – RVFV
+/n Prevalence (%)
(95% CI)
p value OR (95% CI) +/mRBPT+ Prevalence (%)
(95% CI)
+/n Prevalence (%)
(95% CI)
District
Afgoye 29/303 9.6 (6.5-13.5) 0.453 (χ2 = 0.6) 0.8 (0.5-1.4) 8/29 27.6 (12.7-47.2) 1/303 0.3 (0.01-1.8)
Jowhar 35/306 11.4 (8.1-15.6)    21/35 60 (42.1-76.1) 1/306 0.3 (0.01-1.8)
Species
Cattle 39/201 19.4 (14.2-25.6) 0.000003 (χ2 = 21.9) 5.2 (2.5-11.1) 23/39 58.9 (42.1-74.4) 2/201 1 (0.1-3.5)
Goat 16/203 7.9 (4.6-12.5) 0.142 (χ2 = 2.2) 1.9 (0.8-4.3) 6/16 37.5 (15.2-64.6) 0/203 0.0
Sheep 9/205 4.4 (2.02-8.2)    0/9 0.0 0/205 0.0
Sex
Female 59/559 10.6 (8.1-13.4) 0.903 (χ2= 0.02) 1.1 (0.4-2.8) 28/59 47.5 (34.3-60.9) 2/559 0.4 (0.04-1.3)
Male 5/50 10 (3.3-21.8)    1/5 20 (05-71.6) 0/50 0.0
  1. +, number of positive animals; n, number of samples; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; OR, odds ratio, mRBPT+, modified Rose Bengal Plate Test positive samples; iELISA, indirect ELISA; cELISA, competitive ELISA; RVF, Rift Valley fever