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Table 2 Morphology of cauda epididymal spermatozoa. Data with normal distribution are displayed as Mean ± SD; Non-normal distribution data are expressed as median and interquartile range

From: Leech therapy (Hirudo medicinalis) attenuates testicular damages induced by testicular ischemia/reperfusion in an animal model

Groups Normal morphology (%) Bent tail (%) Coiled tail (%) Distal cytoplasmic droplet (%) Short tail (%) Abnormal head (%)
Sham 84.23 ± 2.24 12.18 ± 2.32 2.31(1.20,3.00) 0.32 ± 0.53 0 ± 0.00 1.41 ± 1.36
T. D 70.34 ± 1.19a 20.35 ± 2.28 7.98(3.84,4.27)a 1.24 ± 0.79 0.41 ± 0.25 0 ± 0.00
TDL 79.66 ± 3.51b 13.08 ± 3.68 5.36(0.00–10.13)a 0 ± 0.00 0.16 ± 0.17 0.50 ± 0.38
  1. ap < 0.05 compared with the sham group
  2. bp < 0.05 compared with the T. D group