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Table 1 Sperm parameters examination in different groups of the study. Data with normal distribution are displayed as Mean ± SD; Non-normal distribution data are expressed as median and interquartile range

From: Leech therapy (Hirudo medicinalis) attenuates testicular damages induced by testicular ischemia/reperfusion in an animal model

Sperm parameters Sperm motility (%) Sperm vitality (%) Sperm concentration × 106 sperm/ml
Groups Progressive Non-Progressive Immotile
Sham 62.89 ± 1.82 7.30(5.36,10.16) 29.58 ± 1.22 65.62 ± 1.80 63.81(54.32,68.30)
T. D 37.05 ± 1.74a 21.25(18.99,25.74)a 41.33 ± 2.16a 47.12 ± 2.65a 50.48(32.96,74.37)a
TDL 55.25 ± 2.60b 8.08(4.80,15.20)b 37.22 ± 1.45 58.80 ± 2.87 57.62(53.50,66.50)
  1. ap < 0.05 compared with the sham group
  2. bp < 0.05 compared with the T-D group