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Table 4 Effect of experimental diets on α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol and pigments of liver from broilers

From: Impact of dietary Chlorella vulgaris and carbohydrate-active enzymes incorporation on plasma metabolites and liver lipid composition of broilers

Item Control CH CHR CHM SEM p-value
Diterpene profile, µg/g
α-Tocopherol 6.66 6.07 5.43 4.91 0.626 0.199
γ-Tocopherol 1.26b 0.822a 0.833a 0.840a 0.070 < 0.0001
Pigments, µg/g
β-Carotene 0.977a 3.66c 3.15bc 2.11ab 0.388 < 0.0001
Chlorophyll-a1 2.44a 2.12a 3.66ab 4.21b 0.477 0.011
Chlorophyll-b2 4.94 3.36 6.12 5.68 0.897 0.161
Total chlorophylls3 7.33 5.49 9.78 9.67 1.38 0.102
Total carotenoids4 2.14a 10.1b 10.5b 8.49b 0.860 < 0.001
Total chlorophylls + Carotenoids5 9.48a 15.7b 20.2b 18.2b 1.65 < 0.001
  1. The broilers were fed: (1) a corn-soybean based diet (Control); (2) the based diet plus 10 % C. vulgaris (CH); (3) diet 2 supplemented with 0.005 % Rovabio® Excel AP; and (4) diet 2 supplemented with 0.01 % of a pre-selected four-CAZyme mixture (CHM)
  2. SEM - standard error of the mean
  3. 1 Ca = 11.24 × A662 − 2.04 × A645
  4. 2 Cb = 0.13 × A645 − 4.19 × A662
  5. 3 Ca + b = 7.05 × A662 + 18.09 × A645
  6. 4 Cx + c = (1000 × A470 − 1.90 × Ca − 63.14 × Cb) /214
  7. 5 (Ca + b) + (Cx + c)
  8. a,b,c Mean values within a row with unlike superscript letters are significantly different (p < 0·05)