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Table 5 Serum biochemistry parameters of Kedah-Kelantan X Brahman cattle naturally infected by blood pathogens

From: Molecular detection of Theileria species, Anaplasma species, Candidatus Mycoplasma haemobos, Trypanosoma evansi and first evidence of Theileria sinensis-associated bovine anaemia in crossbred Kedah-Kelantan x Brahman cattle

Serum biochemical parameters T. evansi infected cattle (n = 3) Candidatus M. haemobos infected cattle (n = 5) T. sinensis infected cattle (n = 9) T. orientalis + A. marginale infected cattle (n = 10) A. platys + T. sinensis infected cattle (n = 3) T. sinensis + C. M. haemobos infected cattle (n = 17) T. orientalis + T. sinensis infected cattle (n = 9) C. M. haemobos + T. sinensis + A. marginale infected cattle (n = 5) Clinically healthy cattle (n = 17)
ALP (U/L) 351.00 ± 5.00d 54.00 ± 6.35ab 44.67 ± 4.22a 57.50 ± 6.97ab 51.00 ± 5.14ab 82.35 ± 5.53bc 65.63 ± 6.26ab 107.25 ± 6.07c 71.94 ± 4.62bc
AST (U/L) 135.50 ± 2.50a 57.50 ± 5.92b 81.00 ± 9.08b 68.10 ± 9.17b 67.00 ± 6.00b 70.13 ± 5.53b 71.13 ± 5.18b 62.40 ± 7.69b 78.86 ± 2.48b
γ-GT (U/L) 58.00 ± 1.00b 19.50 ± 3.07a 17.11 ± 2.90a 31.20 ± 6.06a 25.50 ± 6.50a 20.38 ± 2.95a 22.11 ± 4.28a 29.20 ± 3.71a 22.79 ± 1.48a
Total proteins (g/L) 92.40 ± 1.80c 76.93 ± 4.05a 75.29 ± 2.95ab 79.73 ± 2.58b 76.40 ± 1.00ab 76.17 ± 1.68ab 78.06 ± 2.80b 76.13 ± 2.06ab 71.85 ± 2.04ab
Albumin (g/L) 21.75 ± 0.65a 27.95 ± 1.35b 30.46 ± 0.99bc 31.52 ± 0.80bc 32.90 ± 3.40bcd 32.62 ± 0.82bcd 33.67 ± 1.19cd 32.30 ± 2.03bc 37.29 ± 0.75d
Globulin (g/L) 70.65 ± 1.15b 48.98 ± 2.71a 44.83 ± 2.57a 48.21 ± 2.11a 43.50 ± 2.40a 43.56 ± 1.54a 44.39 ± 2.42a 43.83 ± 1.57a 37.84 ± 1.03a
A: G (Unit) 0.31 ± 0.01a 0.72 ± 0.02b 0.70 ± 0.04b 0.67 ± 0.03b 0.84 ± 0.14bc 0.75 ± 0.21b 0.73 ± 0.04b 0.76 ± 0.07b 1.01 ± 0.03c
Total bilirubin (μmol/L) 30.30 ± 0.50c 5.05 ± 0.93ab 9.27 ± 1.57b 8.03 ± 1.29ab 5.30 ± 0.01ab 9.03 ± 1.04b 7.37 ± 0.81ab 7.88 ± 1.51ab 3.87 ± 0.30a
Conjugated bilirubin (μmol/L) 8.50 ± 0.20b 2.23 ± 0.44a 3.58 ± 0.54a 3.40 ± 0.47a 2.30 ± 0.30a 3.17 ± 0.27a 2.75 ± 0.36a 3.18 ± 0.51a 2.17 ± 0.13a
Unconjugated bilirubin (μmol/L) 21.80 ± 0.30e 2.83 ± 0.53ab 5.69 ± 1.05cd 4.63 ± 0.85bcd 3.00 ± 0.30abc 4.83 ± 0.50bcd 4.61 ± 0.48bcd 4.70 ± 1.03bcd 1.41 ± 0.21a
Sodium (mmol/L) 191.50 ± 6.50b 209.00 ± 6.06b 187.22 ± 7.22b 187.56 ± 6.20b 168.50 ± 7.19ab 180.78 ± 8.72ab 179.89 ± 6.93ab 171.50 ± 3.00ab 141.00 ± 1.87a
Potassium (mmol/L) 6.15 ± 0.05b 6.50 ± 0.58b 5.86 ± 0.19ab 6.10 ± 0.47b 5.20 ± 1.20ab 5.76 ± 0.24ab 5.57 ± 0.29ab 5.28 ± 0.39ab 4.65 ± 0.10
Chloride (mmol/L) 126.50 ± 5.50ab 150.50 ± 4.45b 133.33 ± 6.15ab 129.40 ± 5.74ab 117.50 ± 3.32a 126.72 ± 6.70ab 126.44 ± 5.10ab 118.00 ± 9.58a 103.00 ± 1.01a
Inorganic phosphate (mmol/L) 2.75 ± 0.05 2.35 ± 0.40 2.38 ± 0.17 2.54 ± 0.12 2.65 ± 0.65 2.82 ± 0.15 2.73 ± 0.15 2.68 ± 0.27 2.10 ± 0.07
Creatinine (μmol/L) 182.00 ± 1.00d 104.75 ± 6.87b 85.00 ± 4.17a 104.30 ± 3.60ab 95.00 ± 2.00ab 113.59 ± 3.25b 104.57 ± 4.11ab 112.75 ± 4.25b 136.74 ± 3.17c
Urea (mmol/L) 11.30 ± 1.00d 6.88 ± 1.11abc 6.11 ± 0.51ab 7.24 ± 0.54abc 8.40 ± 0.30c 7.94 ± 0.26bc 7.68 ± 0.54bc 7.24 ± 0.48abc 5.27 ± 0.24a
  1. a, b, ab, c, bc, cd, abc, bcdDifferent superscripts indicate significant difference across the different blood pathogen infected cattle groups, p < 0.05