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Table 2 P values for mixed model analysis for the effect of explanatory variables on urinary biomarker/creatinine ratios

From: Serial serum creatinine, SDMA and urinary acute kidney injury biomarker measurements in dogs envenomated by the European adder (Vipera berus)

Explanatory Variable Response Variable
  uKIM-1/uCr ng/mg uOPN/uCr
ng/mg
uMCP-1/uCr
ng/mg
uNGAL/uCr ng/mg uGGT /uCr U/g
Dog (random effect) 0.02 0.02 0.002 0.01 0.003
Age NS 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.02 0.02
Weight NS NS 0.005* NS NS
Sex NS NS NS NS 0.04**
Time point after bite 0.005 < 0.0001 0.0001 < 0.001 0.003
  1. *inverse i.e uMCP-1/uCr decreases with increasing weight
  2. ** lower in females