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Table 8 Proximate and chemical composition of the experimental diets (g/kg)

From: Changes in the growth, ileal digestibility, intestinal histology, behavior, fatty acid composition of the breast muscles, and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chickens by dietary inclusion of safflower oil and vitamin C

Ingredients Starter period (4–10 d) Grower period (11–23 d) Finisher period (24–35 d)
T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
yellow corn 556.4 556.4 556.4 556.4 556.4 556.4 594.3 594.3 594.3 594.3 594.3 594.3 624.3 624.3 624.3 624.3 624.3 624.3
Soybean meal, 48% 320 320 320 320 320 320 280 280 280 280 280 280 231.3 231.3 231.3 231.3 231.3 231.3
Corn gluten, 60% 59.8 59.8 59.8 59.4 59.4 59.4 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.3 55.3 55.3 65.7 65.7 65.7 65.3 65.3 65.3
Safflower oil 0 5 10 0 5 10 0 5 10 0 5 10 0 5 10 0 5 10
Soybean oil 20 15 10 20 15 10 30 25 20 30 25 20 40 35 30 40 35 30
Vitamin C 0 0 0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0 0 0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0 0 0 0. 4 0. 4 0. 4
Calcium carbonate 13 13 13 13 13 13 12 12 12 12 12 12 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Calcium dibasic phosphate 15 15 15 15 15 15 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
Common salt 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Premix* 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
DL-Methionine, 98% 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Lysine, Hcl, 78% 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Choline 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Threonine 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Phytase 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
NaCo3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chemical composition (g/kg)**
 ME kcal/kg diet 3012.65 3012.65 3012.65 3011.16 3011.16 3011.16 3108.199 3108.19 3108.19 3106.71 3106.71 3106.71 3213.92 3213.92 3213.92 3212.43 3212.43 3212.43
 Crude Protein% 23.48 23.48 23.48 23.46 23.46 23.46 21.57 21.57 21.57 21.54 21.54 21.54 20.14 20.14 20.14 20.11 20.11 20.11
 Calcium 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
 Available P 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
 Lysine 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
 Methionine 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
 Threonine 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
  1. T1: basal diet without any additives (control group), T2:basal diet+ 5 g/kg diet safflower oil, T3: basal diet+ 10 g/kg diet safflower oil, T4: basal diet+ vitamin C (400 mg/kg diet), T5:basal diet+ vitamin C (400 mg/kg diet) + 5 g/kg diet safflower oil, T6: basal diet+ vitamin C (400 mg/kg diet) + 10 g/kg diet safflower oil
  2. * Premix per kg of diet: vitamin A, 1500 IU; vitamin D3, 200 IU; vitamin E, 10 mg; vitamin K3, 0.5 mg; thiamine, 1.8 mg; riboflavin, 3.6 mg; pantothenicacid, 10 mg; folicacid, 0.55 mg; pyridoxine, 3.5 mg; niacin, 35 mg; cobalamin, 0.01 mg; biotin, 0.15 mg; Fe, 80 mg; Cu, 8 mg; Mn, 60 mg; Zn, 40 mg; I, 0.35 mg; Se, 0.15 mg
  3. ** According to Ross manual Guide, Aviagen [85]