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Table 6 The effect of inclusion of safflower oil and vitamin C in the broiler chicken diet on the fatty acid composition of the breast muscle (% of total fatty acids)

From: Changes in the growth, ileal digestibility, intestinal histology, behavior, fatty acid composition of the breast muscles, and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chickens by dietary inclusion of safflower oil and vitamin C

Item Vitamin C level (mg/kg diet) Safflower oil level (gm/kg diet) Vitamin C × Safflower oil SEM P-value
0 400 0 5 10 0Vit.C+ 0Saff. Oil 0Vit.C + 5 Saff. Oil 0Vit.C+ 10 Saff. Oil 400Vit.C+
0Saff. Oil
400Vit.C+
5 Saff. Oil
400Vit.C+
10Saff. Oil
Vit. C Saff. oil Vit. C x Saff. oil
C14:0 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.01 0.40 0.40 0.79
C16:0 2.60 2.64 2.51 2.66 2.69 2.48 2.65 2.68 2.54 2.66 2.70 0.20 0.84 0.64 0.97
C16:1 1.07 1.08 1.05 1.09 1.09 1.04 1.09 1.08 1.06 1.09 1.10 0.04 0.74 0.45 0.89
C18:0 1.17 1.21 1.11b 1.22a 1.23a 1.08 1.21 1.21 1.15 1.22 1.25 0.04 0.29 0.01 0.07
C18:1 5.06 5.17 5.09 5.11 5.14 5.00 5.07 5.09 5.18 5.15 5.18 0.25 0.49 0.97 0.99
C18:2 2.02 2.06 1.96b 2.07a 2.08a 1.93 2.06 2.06 2.00 2.07 2.10 0.04 0.29 0.01 0.07
C18:3 0.16 0.24 0.12 0.23 0.24 0.06 0.20 0.21 0.18 0.26 0.27 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.08
C20:4 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.10 0.11 0.06 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.02 0.36 0.52 0.82
SFA 4.13 4.18 4.08b 4.18a 4.20a 4.04 4.17 4.18 4.12 4.20 4.21 0.04 0.23 0.01 0.08
MUFA 6.23 6.39 6.18 6.35 6.41 6.10 6.27 6.32 6.26 6.42 6.49 0.25 0.46 0.66 0.94
PUFA 2.16 2.25 0.41 0.43 0.50 2.05 2.19 2.25 2.16 2.28 2.31 0.23 0.67 0.78 0.98
ω-3 0.13 0.19 0.09b 0.18a 0.21a 0.04b 0.15ab 0.18a 0.13ab 0.20a 0.24a 0.02a 0.06 0.01 0.006
ω-6 2.04 2.06 2.02 2.06 2.07 2.01 2.03 2.07 2.03 2.08 2.07 0.22 0.91 0.97 1.00
ω-3/ ω-6 0.07 0.10 0.04b 0.09ab 0.11a 0.02 0.09 0.10 0.07 0.10 0.12 0.01 0.22 0.01 0.07
S/U 0.49 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.50 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.48 0.02 0.69 0.91 0.99
  1. a, b Means within the same row carrying different superscripts are significantly different at (P < 0.05)
  2. Myristic acid(C14:0), Palmitic acid (C16:0), Palmitoleic acid (C16:1), Stearic acid (C18:0), Vaccenic acid(C18:1), Linoleic acid (C18:2), α-Linolenic acid (C18:3), Arachidonic acid (C20:4), SFA saturated fatty acids, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids, ω-3:Omega− 3 fatty acids, ω-6:Omega− 6 fatty acids, S/U saturated/unsaturated fatty acids, MDA malondialdehyde