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Table 5 The effect of inclusion of safflower oil and vitamin C in the broiler chicken diet on the behavioral activities

From: Changes in the growth, ileal digestibility, intestinal histology, behavior, fatty acid composition of the breast muscles, and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chickens by dietary inclusion of safflower oil and vitamin C

  Vitamin C level (mg/kg diet) Safflower oil level (g/kg) Vitamin C × Safflower oil SEM P-value
0 400 0 5 10 0Vit.C+ 0 Saff. Oil 0Vit.C + 5 Saff. Oil 0Vit.C+ 10 Saff. Oil 400Vit.C+
0 Saff. Oil
400Vit.C+
5 Saff. Oil
400Vit.C+
10 Saff. Oil
Vit. C Saff. oil Vit. C x Saff. oil
Feeding 48.99b 79.86a 48.76b 62.56ab 81.93a 32.27 49.96 64.76 65.28 75.15 99.15 9.6 0.001 0.015 0.89
Drinking 33.85 37.82 28.44b 24.35b 54.71a 32.22 16.65 52.68 24.67 32.06 56.73 8.51 0.6 0.003 0.49
Resting 129.6b 211.04a 115.94b 172.9b 222.12a 70.28 148.5 170.21 161.6 197.48 274.03 12.55 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.41
Standing 53.65 44.4 68.69a 51.26ab 27.12b 81.88 42.1 36.98 55.51 60.43 17.27 10.6 0.33 0.003 0.12
Walking 46.44 47.27 50.08 54.74 35.76 32.33b 62.61a 44.40b 67.83 a 46.86b 27.13b 9.2 0.9 0.15 0.02
Feather preening 27.99b 57.97a 30.89b 45.63ab 52.42a 24.78b 33.3b 25.9b 37.0b 57.96ab 78.94a 7.2 < 0.01 0.03 0.04
Others comfort 15.77b 34.94a 23.35 28.59 27.13 15.87 16.65 14.8 30.83 34.53 39.46 5.9 < 0.01 0.85 0.75
Foraging 25.56 26.72 35.95a 30.76a 11.7b 29.98 43.02 3.68 41.93 18.5 19.73 3.58 0.86 0.01 0.02
Feather pecking 5.45 1.64 5.89 2.75 1.99 8.09 5.5 2.76 3.68 0.62 1.23 0.65 0.02 0.147 0.59
  1. a, b Means within the same row carrying different superscripts are significantly different (P < 0.05)