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Table 3 An overview of the modes of work commonly done by New Zealand working farm dogs. Dogs can be trained to carry out one or several modes of work

From: TeamMate: a longitudinal study of New Zealand working farm dogs. I. Methods, population characteristics and health on enrolment

Mode of workDescription
HeadThe dog circles around to the head of the herd and uses its positioning to gather, stop and redirect animals. This type of work is typically, but not exclusively, carried out by Heading dogs.
HuntThe dog uses its bark and position to apply pressure to the herd from behind in order to move the animals forward. This type of work is typically, but not exclusively, carried out by Huntaways.
Yard workAny work done in stockyards and runs.
CatchSeparating one or several specific animals from the herd.