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Table 10 The number and percentage of working farm dogs with reported musculoskeletal abnormalities in the hind quarters (including tail), and the number and percentage of dogs with a musculoskeletal abnormality that were also lame in the hind quarters. Data were collected from 641 working farm dogs that were enrolled in TeamMate. Types of clinical abnormalities that were recorded in fewer than 10 dogs are combined and listed as ‘Other’

From: TeamMate: a longitudinal study of New Zealand working farm dogs. I. Methods, population characteristics and health on enrolment

Anatomical location and type of abnormalitiesNumber of dogsLame hind leg(s)
n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)
Hip
 Reduced range of motion599 (7–11)1220 (10–31)
 Painful437 (5–9)1535 (21–49)
 Other81 (0–2)450 (15–85)
 All dogs with hip abnormalities8814 (11–16)2124 (15–33)
Stifle
 Crepitus193 (2–4)526 (7–46)
 Reduced range of motion183 (2–4)528 (7–48)
 Hard swelling325 (3–7)619 (5–32)
 Other132 (1–3)431 (6–56)
 All dogs with stifle abnormalities6210 (7–12)1626 (15–37)
Tarsals
 Reduced range of motion274 (3–6)830 (12–47)
 Hard swelling122 (1–3)433 (7–60)
 Other102 (1–3)110 (0–29)
 All dogs with tarsal abnormalities437 (5–9)921 (9–33)
Tail
 Reduced range of motion122 (1–3)18 (0–24)
 Other122 (1–3)217 (0–38)
 All dogs with tail abnormalities223 (2–5)314 (0–28)
Hind digits
 Other193 (2–4)421 (3–39)
 All dogs with hind digit abnormalities193 (2–4)421 (3–39)
Metatarsals
 Other61 (0–2)117 (0–46)
 All dogs with metatarsal abnormalities61 (0–2)117 (0–46)