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Table 6 Effects of environment and LP on the ileal morphology of chickens after CP administration

From: Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum on intestinal integrity and immune responses of egg-laying chickens infected with Clostridium perfringens under the free-range or the specific pathogen free environment

 Villus height (μm)Crypt depth (μm)V/C
1st day3rd day10th day1st day3rd day10th day1st day3rd day10th day
SPFC531.29478.77547.0964.0460.2875.808.398.157.79
SPFL702.84504.61570.3565.7259.2068.5011.028.618.79
FRC750.26707.70648.9492.14106.3488.028.497.227.79
FRL759.81518.52662.8988.4290.5069.069.096.029.88
SEM8.7579.26710.0351.0801.5561.3050.1380.1330.179
Main effects
 Environment
  SPF610.85494.32558.5664.8259.6372.209.618.428.29
  FRS755.00602.30655.6290.2997.5178.958.796.558.79
Lactobacillus
  NLP640.03608.99593.0477.9986.4881.318.447.627.79
  LP733.00511.89610.7577.7475.5968.7510.007.259.17
P-value
  Environment0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.0150.0010.0000.129
Lactobacillus0.0000.0000.3570.6370.0070.0000.0000.1640.000
  Environment × Lactobacillus0.0000.0000.8180.2130.0180.0260.0000.0020.129