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Table 5 Effects of environment and LP on the jejunal morphology of chickens after CP administration

From: Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum on intestinal integrity and immune responses of egg-laying chickens infected with Clostridium perfringens under the free-range or the specific pathogen free environment

 Villus height (μm)Crypt depth (μm)V/C
1st day3rd day10th day1st day3rd day10th day1st day3rd day10th day
SPFC824.31988.71953.8591.6993.6594.689.1811.4610.78
SPFL973.341057.00957.0870.4779.2984.6014.4514.4811.74
FRC932.66975.54907.46139.05114.79102.656.999.179.26
FRL872.28836.24843.1098.6195.9083.809.089.1310.50
SEM10.71914.3267.1641.6171.8051.3760.1670.2490.151
Main effects
 Environment
 SPF890.551014.05955.4382.2688.32589.7411.5212.5811.25
 FRS903.96906.37875.28119.83105.4193.227.989.159.88
Lactobacillus
 NLP885.14982.34930.98118.28103.8798.617.9510.3510.03
 LP913.53922.30899.6987.1389.4384.1911.2711.2211.12
P-value
  Environment0.8650.0000.0000.0000.0000.1940.0000.0000.000
  Lactobacillus0.0400.2160.0340.0000.0000.0000.0000.0030.000
  Environment × Lactobacillus0.0000.0000.0190.0030.5310.1120.0000.0020.646