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Table 6 Blood plasma variables

From: Choline supplementation prevents diet induced gut mucosa lipid accumulation in post-smolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

 LFaLFCbPooled SEMP-valuec
Glucose (mmol/L) d5.35.90.22< 0.001
Free Fatty Acids (mmol/L) d0.270.250.020.35
Lipoptoteins
 Total CH (mmol/L) d8.311.11.74< 0.001
 HDL-CHe7.58.9  
 LDL-CHe1.31.5  
 VLDL-CHe0.10.3  
 Total TAG (mmol/L) d3.32.50.270.01
 HDL-TAGe3.22.4  
 LDL-TAGe10.7  
 VLDL-TAGe0.50.8  
 Bile salts (μmol/l) d20198.470.822
 Sitosterol (μg/ml) f71616.980.204
 Campesterol (μg/ml) f18822427.40.342
 Lathosterol (μg/ml) f3.89.20.48< 0.001
 C4 (μg/ml) f0.010.010.020.921
Oxysterols (ng/ml) e
 7α-hydroxy-CH130295  
 7β-hydroxy-CH37139  
 7-keto-hydroxy-CH101538  
 24-hydroxy-CH2.24  
 25-hydroxy-CH55  
 27-hydroxy-CH2133  
  1. aLow fishmeal diet
  2. bCholine supplemented low fishmeal diet
  3. cP-values in bold indicate significant differences between the two treatments; italicized values represent trends
  4. dMeasured for n = 20 per diet
  5. eLipoprotein and oxysterol profiles were measured in pooled samples of n = 5 per diet
  6. fMeasured for n = 10 per diet. Mean values with their standard errors