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Table 4 Minerals in dairy cows with LDA or healthy cows

From: Potential hemo-biological identification markers to the left displaced abomasum in dairy cows

Detected biomarkers Control LDA p
Mean±SEM 95% CI Mean±SEM 95% CI
Na (mmol/L) 139.07 ±1.16 136.63-141.50 134.96 ±1.24 132.43-137.49 0.026
Cl (mmol/L) 103.15 ±0.89 101.77-105.51 95.67 ±0.46** 93.24-98.10 0.000
Ca (mmol/L) 2.41 ±0.03 2.36-2.47 2.07 ±0.04** 1.98-2.16 0.000
P (mmol/L) 2.01 ±0.06 1.87-2.14 1.81 ±0.12 1.57-2.05 0.203
Mg (mmol/L) 1.09 ±0.02 1.04-1.14 1.03 ±0.03 0.97-1.08 0.075
K (mmol/L) 5.14 ±0.17 4.437-5.650 3.76 ±0.31** 3.35-4.16 0.000
Cu (μmol/L) 20.57 ±0.33 19.88-21.26 19.47 ±0.91 17.61-21.24 0.344
Zn (μmol/L) 6.71 ±0.42 6.21-7.10 6.48 ±0.2 6.01-6.74 0.450
  1. The minerals of dairy cows with LDA or healthy cows (Control) were shown in the table. Healthy Holstein cows, n = 20; LDA Holstein cows, n = 30. The results are expressed as the mean ± SEM. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, compared with respective values in control (healthy) group