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Table 2 Blood energy metabolism-related biomarkers in dairy cows with LDA or healthy cows

From: Potential hemo-biological identification markers to the left displaced abomasum in dairy cows

Detected biomarkers Control LDA p
Mean±SEM 95% CI Mean±SEM 95% CI
GLU (mmol/L) 4.31±0.13 3.76-4.81 4.84±0.42 4.44-5.33 0.487
NEFA (mmol/L) 0.36±0.04 0.31-0.41 0.99±0.06** 0.92-1.22 0.000
BHBA (mmol/L) 0.45±0.03 0.37-0.55 1.17±0.24** 1.03-1.87 0.003
INS (mU/L) 12.68±0.28 7.99-13.26 9.05±0.21** 4.31-6.34 0.000
GC (ng/L) 48.26±1.63 42.67-51.36 55.56±0.90* 52.55-58.79 0.040
RQUICKI 0.79±0.04 0.62-0.85 0.60±0.02** 0.55-0.67 0.002
TC (mmol/L) 2.42±0.24 1.91-2.92 1.96±0.16 1.63-2.27 0.120
TG (mmol/L) 0.16±0.01 0.14-0.18 0.15±0.01 0.12-0.16 0.263
  1. The serum energy metabolism-related biomarkers of dairy cows with LDA or healthy cows (Control) were shown in the table. Healthy Holstein cows, n = 20; LDA Holstein cows, n = 30. The results are expressed as the mean ± SEM. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, compared with respective values in control group
  2. GLU Glucose, NEFA Non-esterified fatty acid, BHBA β-hydroxybutyric acid, INS Insulin, GC Glycagon, RQUICKI Revised quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, TC Total cholesterol, TG Triglyceride