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Table 4 Multiple logistic GEE model analysis of variables associated with Schistosoma bovis and Fasciola gigantica infection among farm cattle, adjusted for potential correlation within farms in a cross-sectional survey carried out in Côte d’Ivoire in August 2018

From: Prevalence and distribution of livestock schistosomiasis and fascioliasis in Côte d’Ivoire: results from a cross-sectional survey

Trait N Schistosoma bovis Fasciola gigantica
Infected
npos (%)
Multiple OR 95% CI Infected
npos (%)
Multiple OR 95% CI
Sex
 Female 563 2 (0.4)    173 (30.7)   
 Male 172 3 (1.7) 4.3 0.7–26.9 44 (25.6) 1.1 0.8–1.7
Age (years)
 1–3 150 2 (1.3)    33 (22.0)   
  ≥ 4 585 3 (0.5) 0.6 0.2–2.3 184 (31.5) 1.7 1.0–2.9
Breed
 Taurin x Zébu 587 4 (0.7)    183 (31.2)   
 Taurin 37 0 (0.0) ND ND 10 (27.0) 0.8 0.3–2.5
 Zébu 111 1 (0.9) ND ND 24 (21.6) 0.6 0.3–1.0
  1. N Investigated animals, npos Number of infected animals, CI Confidence interval, ND Not determined because of low number of infected individuals in several categories, OR Odds ratio