Skip to main content
Fig. 1 | BMC Veterinary Research

Fig. 1

From: Changes of inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in dogs with different stages of heart failure

Fig. 1

Cytokine results in dogs of different stages of heart failure: Stage A, Stage B2, Stage C and Stage D. IL, interleukin; IP-10, interferon gamma-induced protein 10; MCP-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, GM-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; KC-like, keratinocyte-derived chemokine; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor–alpha; IFN-γ, interferon–gamma. Red and blue colors represent data from dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD), respectively

Back to article page