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Table 3 Effects of dietary supplementation with different concentrations of molasses on rumen fermentation indices of male Nubian goat kids

From: Effects of dietary supplementation with different concentration of molasses on growth performance, blood metabolites and rumen fermentation indices of Nubian goats

Parameters Groups P- value
M-0 M-30 M-40 M-45 MC MD MC×MD
Ruminal pH 6.48 a ± 0.1 6.46 a ± 0.1 6.39 b ± 0.1 6.30 b ± 0.2 *** NS NS
VFAs (mmol/L) 77.7 b ± 23 85.6 a ± 19 81.9 a ± 15 72.5 b ± 17.6 * *** NS
NH3 (mg/dL) 8.7 ± 4.7 10.5 ± 5.1 8.8 ± 4.5 7.6 ± 4.2 NS * **
Total protozoa count (×104/mL) 24.5 ± 4.5 26.8 ± 6.3 26.3 ± 4.9 26 ± 4.3 NS NS NS
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 260 b ± 38 289 a ± 27 248 c ± 35 242 c ± 38 *** NS NS
Ruminal -[Na+] (mmol/L) 155 ± 9 158 ± 8 154 ± 11 154 ± 11 NS NS NS
Ruminal -[K+] (mmol/L) 29.8 ± 5.9 32.3 ± 5.9 31.8 ± 5 31.9 ± 6.1 NS ** NS
Ruminal -[Cl] (mmol/L) 106.6 b ± 4.8 108 b ± 3.8 110.7 a ± 4.7 109.6 a ± 4.6 ** NS NS
Ruminal-[SID3] (mmol/L) 78.5 ± 14.6 82.2 ± 12 74.9 ± 12 75.7 ± 13 NS NS NS
  1. a, b, c Means ± SD within the same raw bearing different superscripts are significantly different at *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P < 0.0001. NS Not significant
  2. Brackets ([]) donate concentration, SD Standard deviation
  3. MC molasses concentration, MD the duration of dietary molasses supplementation, ML×MD the interaction between molasses level and the duration of dietary molasses supplementation, M-0 (0% molasses), M-30 (30% molasses), M-40 (40% molasses) and M-45 (45% molasses)