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Table 1 Serum creatinine, urea, and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) concentrations in the studied horses

From: Serum symmetric dimethylarginine concentration in healthy horses and horses with acute kidney injury

Group n Results Creatinine (μmol/L) Urea (mmol/L) SDMA (μmol/L)
Group I – healthy horses Foals 17 min. 79.0 2.8 0.75
q1 – median – q3 101.0–111.0 – 121.0 3.3–3.7 – 4.6 1.3–1.5 – 1.75
max. 159.0 5.2 2.18
lowerCl 103.6 3.5 1.29
upperCl 121.1 4.3 1.71
Adults 36 min. 69.0 3.2 0.1
q1 – median – q3 101.25–114.5 – 133.0 4.0–5.2* - 5.8 0.47–0.54* - 0.65
max. 156.0 6.6 0.71
lowerCl 107.1 4.7 0.48
upperCl 122.8 5.4 0.58
Group II - horses with AKI   23 min. 161.7 7.7 0.75
q1 – median – q3 186.8–208.7^# - 407.5 10.2–13.1^# - 20.6 0.95–1.6^ - 2.19
max. 1032.5 104.7 4.55
lowerCl 229.2 11.1 1.31
upperCl 405.9 29.7 2.21
  1. Note: AKI acute kidney injury, * significant differences P < 0.05 between foals and healthy adults from group I; # significant differences P < 0.05 between foals and group II; ^ significant differences P < 0.05 between healthy adults and group II