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Table 2 Thirty one lipid metabolites whose concentration in serum [μmol/L] was significantly lower in one-week goat kids weaned immediately after birth

From: Profile of serum lipid metabolites of one-week-old goat kids depending on the type of rearing

Metabolites Kids weaned immediately after birth (n = 22) Kids left with mothers (n = 30) FCmediana (> 1.5) Mixed-effect ANCOVA
Median (IQR) Range Median (IQR) Range Type of rearing effect (p-value with Holm-Bonferroni correction) Mother effect
(p-value)
Cholesterol esters
 CE(14:0) 15.2 (12.0–17.7) 7.41–29.7 24.8 (21.4–43.2) 15.8–68.0 1.64 0.015 0.035
 CE(17:0) 8.08 (4.56–11.5) 1.75–32.6 28.3 (16.0–40.7) 6.17–58.1 3.50 0.015 0.003
Lysophosphatidylcholines (choline lyso-lecithins)
 lysoPC a C17:0 3.13 (2.06–4.34) 1.26–5.39 10.11 (7.41–12.3) 1.85–19.6 3.23 0.027 0.090
Diacyl-phosphatidylcholines (choline lecithins)
 PC aa C34:4 0.58 (0.45–0.72) 0.34–1.17 0.92 (0.75–1.23) 0.43–1.82 1.58 0.002 0.017
 PC aa C36:1 55.7 (43.5–76.5) 33.6–105 109 (88.2–127) 33.3–194 1.95 0.001 0.007
Acyl-alkyl-phosphatidylcholines (choline plasmalogens)
 PC ae C34:0 1.02 (0.86–1.57) 0.63–1.89 5.18 (3.06–6.42) 0.77–8.65 5.07 < 0.001 0.003
 PC ae C34:1 7.52 (6.62–8.27) 4.90–10.3 13.0 (9.60–14.3) 6.21–17.7 1.73 < 0.001 0.066
 PC ae C36:0 0.80 (0.63–1.06) 0.48–1.55 2.18 (1.45–2.86) 0.66–3.88 2.73 < 0.001 0.009
 PC ae C36:2 10.1 (7.60–13.0) 5.22–14.0 17.9 (13.6–21.5) 7.16–32.8 1.77 < 0.001 0.002
 PC ae C38:4 3.54 (2.42–4.38) 1.78–5.29 6.80 (4.61–8.35) 2.28–12.6 1.92 0.030 < 0.001
Sphingomyelins
 SM (OH) C14:1 1.88 (1.57–2.09) 1.28–2.67 2.88 (2.36–3.64) 1.76–4.97 1.53 0.015 0.207
 SM (OH) C16:1 1.25 (1.16–1.65) 0.81–2.28 3.03 (2.14–3.78) 1.20–5.53 2.43 0.015 0.002
Ceramides
 Cer(d18:1/16:0) 0.21 (0.16–0.23) 0.14–0.30 0.33 (0.24–0.40) 0.18–0.56 1.56 0.001 0.111
 Cer(d18:1/18:0) 0.10 (0.08–0.15) 0.06–0.22 0.31 (0.19–0.40) 0.09–0.80 3.11 < 0.001 0.069
 Cer(d18:1/22:0) 0.37 (0.26–0.48) 0.19–0.91 0.65 (0.40–0.90) 0.27–1.33 1.75 0.009 0.091
 Cer(d18:1/23:0) 0.57 (0.37–0.68) 0.26–1.33 0.97 (0.61–1.30) 0.37–2.14 1.70 0.004 0.078
 Cer(d18:1/25:0) 0.19 (0.15–0.23) 0.11–0.38 0.34 (0.27–0.44) 0.16–0.95 1.78 0.009 0.172
Simple lipids
 TG(14:0_36:1) 1.84 (1.33–2.35) 0.60–5.19 5.39 (3.66–8.53) 1.14–19.7 2.93 0.012 0.207
 TG(16:0_28:1) 1.77 (1.28–2.20) 0.53–3.95 9.54 (5.64–19.8) 1.81–35.8 5.39 < 0.001 0.316
 TG(16:0_28:2) 0.44 (0.37–0.53) 0.11–1.27 1.29 (0.81–2.79) 0.44–5.48 2.93 0.001 0.333
 TG(16:0_33:1) 1.12 (0.65–2.05) 0.36–6.82 5.65 (3.33–8.35) 0.89–26.5 5.04 0.015 0.040
 TG(16:0_35:1) 0.97 (0.54–1.35) 0.27–5.68 6.06 (3.76–8.40) 0.61–19.5 6.25 0.005 0.052
 TG(17:0_34:1) 0.76 (0.53–1.22) 0.23–4.34 5.72 (3.66–7.85) 0.77–18.2 7.53 0.001 0.021
 TG(17:0_34:2) 0.52 (0.41–0.81) 0.30–1.60 1.39 (0.89–1.95) 0.36–4.65 2.67 0.018 0.068
 TG(18:0_32:1) 1.52 (0.93–2.19) 0.55–7.00 6.60 (3.82–11.6) 1.03–25.6 4.34 0.015 0.132
 TG(18:1_26:0) 4.63 (3.39–6.36) 0.63–11.0 18.5 (9.57–31.7) 2.66–60.5 3.99 0.001 0.425
 TG(18:1_28:1) 1.47 (1.01–1.99) 0.75–6.27 7.16 (4.65–13.4) 0.93–29.8 4.87 0.002 0.089
 TG(18:1_31:0) 1.22 (0.73–2.28) 0.55–5.17 6.22 (4.11–8.74) 0.90–25.9 5.10 0.015 0.037
 TG(18:1_33:0) 0.85 (0.51–1.43) 0.28–4.85 6.64 (4.33–9.27) 0.55–22.7 7.81 0.001 0.068
 TG(18:1_33:1) 1.27 (0.61–1.69) 0.35–6.83 6.49 (3.51–8.31) 0.81–26.5 5.11 0.009 0.120
 TG(18:2_35:1) 0.51 (0.32–1.06) 0.17–1.47 1.29 (0.73–1.64) 0.30–3.88 2.54 0.046 0.037
  1. a the fold change based on medians