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Table 3 Mean ± standard deviation of the loading and timing variables (VF, CA, VF – tHO, StDur) of eight laminitic horses with and without the HCHW in the toe, middle hoof and heel regions

From: Effect of heel elevation on breakover phase in horses with laminitis

Variables Hoof print regions HCHW BFC Difference
VF (N) Toe 657 ± 133 756 ± 99 + 99 ± 65
Middle hoof 290 ± 46 699 ± 87 + 409 ± 103a
Heel 1609 ± 119 1078 ± 113 − 531 ± 43a
VF - tHO Toe 380 ± 221 682 ± 361 N − 302 ± 115 a
CA (cm2) Toe 13.5 ± 5 16.9 ± 6.9 + 3.4 ± 5a
Middle hoof 6.7 ± 4.3 11.7 ± 4.2 + 4.4 ± 6a
Heel 31.4 ± 7.4 11.1 ± 3.5 −20.3 ± 8a
StDur (s) The entire hoof 0.76 0.79 0.03
  1. BFC Barefoot condition; HCHW Hoof cast with heel wedge; CA Contact area; VF Vertical force; VF-tHO Vertical force at onset of breakover, StDur Stance duration. ap < 0.05