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Table 4 Prevalence of antibodies and signalement in Bernese Mountain dogs (BMDs) with and without laboratory evidence of kidney disease

From: Changes in renal parameters and their association with subclinical vector-borne infections in Bernese Mountain dogs

  BMDs without evidence of kidney disease (n = 162) BMDs with evidence of kidney disease (n = 35) BMDs with UPC ≥ 2 (n = 10) P
age (years)
mean, range
3.7 (1–13) 5.2 (2–8) 5.1 (1–11) 0.652
Female 117/162 9/35 1/10 < 0.001
Male 45/162 26/35 9/10 < 0.001
 Positive for Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies 69/162 (42.6%) 19/35 (54.3%) 6/10 (60.0%) 0.288
 Positive for Anaplasma spp. antibodies 79/162 (48.7%) 12/35 (34.3%) 2/10 (20.0%) 0.079
 Positive for antibodies against Anaplasma spp. and Borrelia burgdorferi 40/162 (24.7%) 4/35 (11.4%) 1/10 (10.0%) 0.148
 Positive for antigen of Dirofilaria immitis 0/162 (0%) 1/35 (2.9%) 1/10 (10.0%) 0.334
 Positive for antibodies against Ehrlichia canis 0/162 (0%) 0/35 (0%) 0/10 (0%)  
  1. bold = significant difference