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Table 1 Effect of dietary ZnO-NPs supplementation on serum selected biochemical parameters in Japanese quails

From: Impact of dietary zinc oxide nanoparticles on selected serum biomarkers, lipid peroxidation and tissue gene expression of antioxidant enzymes and cytokines in Japanese quail

Parameters Dietary groups SEM P values
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4
AST (U/L) 16.02 17.07 16.35 17.62 0.48 0.695
ALT (U/L) 38.25 35.05 34.42 32.72 0.93 0.206
Total Proteins (mmol/L) 0.459 0.487 0.456 0.469 0.15 0.713
Albumin (mmol/L) 0.173 0.171 0.185 0.186 0.20 0.618
Globulin (mmol/L) 0.241 0.285 0.226 0.240 0.50 0.589
TC (mmol/L) 5.28a 5.00a 4.90a 4.50b 0.24 0.014
TAG (mmol/L) 5.31a 5.03a 4.66b 4.54b 0.29 0.006
Zinc (µmol/L) 10.80b 12.39b 13.13b 19.70a 0.65 0.004
  1. a−c Means within a row not sharing a common superscript differ significantly with corresponding p value
  2. Group 1: control; Group 2: ZnO-NPs 15 mg/kg diet; Group 3: ZnO-NPs 30 mg/kg diet; Group 4: ZnO-NPs 60 mg/kg diet
  3. Abbreviations: ZnO-NPs zinc oxide Nano particles, SEM Standard error of mean, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, TC total cholesterol, TAG triacylglycerol