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Table 3 Mean (±SEM) and reference ranges of haematological parameters in Bactrian camels at high altitude

From: Morphometric, haematological and physio-biochemical characterization of Bactrian (Camelus bactrianus) camel at high altitude

S. No. Haematological parameters Young age
(2–4 years)
Adult age
(5–10 years)
Old age
(11–20 years)
Reference range at low altitudea Reference range at high altitudeb
1. Hemoglobin (g/dl) 15.26 ± 0.92 14.61 ± 0.64 14.56 ± 0.51 11.1–17.4 12.8–17.5
2. ESR value (mm/hr) 0.91 ± 0.03 0.91 ± 0.04 0.76 ± 0.0.07 0.0–1.0 0.63–1.03
3. Packed cell volume (%) 41.0 ± 2.0 39.83 ± 0.54 40.0 ± 1.14 25.0–39.0 37.0–44.0
4. Erythrocytes (✕106/ mm3) 11.61 ± 0.14 9.90 ± 0.25 10.29 ± 0.61 8.5–13.4 9.11–12.13
5. Leukocytes (✕103/mm3) 16.16 ± 1.3 16.72 ± 0.05 15.52 ± 0.07 8.6–16.5 13.25–18.75
6. Platelets (✕105/ul) 8.23 ± 0.20 7.75 ± 0.16 8.12 ± 0.45 2.2–5.26 6.7–9.2
7. Neutrophils (%) 53.3 ± 2.96 56.5 ± 2.09 56.6 ± 0.92 55.0–79.0 49.0–64.0
8. Banded Neutrophils (%) 25.45 ± 1.08 23.24 ± 0.37 23.9 ± 1.02
9. Lymphocytes (%) 38.0 ± 1.52 36.3 ± 2.27 35.8 ± 1.11 18.0–33.0 28.0–44.0
10. Monocytes (%) 4.6 ± 1.20 3.83 ± 0.31 4.2 ± 0.58 0.0–4.0 3.0–7.0
11. Eosinophils (%) 3.33 ± 0.33 2.5 ± 0.22 2.8 ± 0.37 0.0–9.0 2.0–4.0
12. Basophils (%) 1.0 ± 0.0 1.0 ± 0.0 1.0 ± 0.0 0.0–1.00 1.0–2.0
  1. aReference range taken from Elitok and Cirak, (2018); b Reference range calculated based on present study; SEM- Standard Error Mean