Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean (±SEM) and reference ranges of morphological parameters in Bactrian camels at high altitude

From: Morphometric, haematological and physio-biochemical characterization of Bactrian (Camelus bactrianus) camel at high altitude

S. No. Morphological Parameters Young age
(2–4 years)
Adult age
(5–10 years)
Old age
(11–20 years)
Reference range at high altitude#
1 Height at withers (inches) 64.5 ± 0.28a 65.16 ± 0.64ab 67.4 ± 0.51b 63.0–69.0
2 Body Length (inches) 56.6 ± 2.33a 62.5 ± 1.60ab 65.2 ± 1.95b 52.0–71.0
3 Height of front hump (inches) 10.37 ± 1.44a 15.08 ± 0.61b 17.3 ± 1.31b 8.0–20.0
4 Girth of front hump (inches) 30 ± 1.0a 37.9 ± 1.5b 34.9 ± 1.32ab 29.0–42.0
5 Thickness of abdomen skin (cm) 1.03 ± ±0.16 1.00 ± 0.06 0.9176 ± 0.12 0.56–1.29
6 Girth of abdomen (inches) 76.3 ± 3.28a 83.66 ± 1.91ab 87.2 ± 3.12b 70.0–96.0
7 Circumference of shank (inches) 31.5 ± 0.5a 37 ± 1.18b 37.8 ± 1.01b 30.5–42.0
8 Thickness of shank skin (cm) 1.05 ± 0.18 1.03 ± 0.13 1.21 ± 0.11 0.49–1.53
9 Neck length (inches) 33.6 ± 0.88a 38.08 ± 1.0b 38.2 ± 1.01b 32.0–42.0
10 Face length (inches) 15.5 ± 0.5 16.16 ± 0.83 18.9 ± 0.92 14.0–21.0
11 Distance b/w eyes (inches) 10.26 ± 0.14 11 ± 0.57 10.9 ± 0.51 9.0–12.0
12 Back hump height (inches) 9.66 ± 1.33a 14.5 ± 0.5b 15.6 ± 1.29b 7.0–20.50
13 Back hump girth (inches) 30.33 ± 0.88a 45.41 ± 0.77b 43.8 ± 2.2b 29.0–50.0
  1. # Reference range calculated from present study, as no literature are available on morphological parameters; SEM- Standard Error Mean; a,b - Mean values bearing the same superscripts in a column do not differ significantly (p > 0.05)