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Table 3 Effects of dietary fermented soybean meal (FSBM) replacement and/or Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88 infusion on plasma cytokines concentrations in weaned piglets 1,2

From: Dietary fermented soybean meal replacement alleviates diarrhea in weaned piglets challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88 by modulating inflammatory cytokine levels and cecal microbiota composition

Item - ETEC K88 + ETEC K88 SEM P-value
- FSBM + FSBM - FSBM + FSBM FSBM ETEC K88 FSBM × ETEC K88
TNF-α (ng/L) 146.1c 133.0c 234.4a 179.7b 9.73 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.03
IL-1β (ng/L) 15.1 13.2 18.9 15.6 0.67 0.03 0.01 0.52
IL-6 (ng/L) 13.1 9.6 15.1 13.8 0.30 0.02 < 0.01 0.41
IL-10 (ng/L) 96.3 112.0 80.4 95.9 3.31 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.97
  1. 1n = 06
  2. 2 - ETEC K88 = infusing the phosphate buffer saline; + ETEC K88 = infusing the ETEC K88; - FSBM = control diet with 24% soybean meal; + FSBM = test diet with 6% FSBM added at the expense of soybean meal
  3. a,b,c Mean values within a row with unlike superscript letters were significantly different (p < 0.05)
  4. TNF-α Tumor necrosis factor-α; IL-1β Interleukin-1β; IL-6 Interleukin-6; IL-10 Interleukin-10