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Table 1 Characteristics of cases in 2016 and 2018 for cats with aURTDa, FLUTDb and abscesses

From: Antimicrobial prescriptions in cats in Switzerland before and after the introduction of an online antimicrobial stewardship tool

Parameter aURTDa FLUTDb Abscesses
  2016 2018 2016 2018 2016 2018
Total number of cases n = 227 n = 244 n = 333 n = 324 n = 216 n = 224
  % [CI]c % [CI]c % [CI]c % [CI]c % [CI]c % [CI]c
Treatment location University hospital 18.9 [14.1–24.7] 11.5 [7.8–16.2] 39.0 [33.8–44.5] 35.8 [30.6–41.3] 0.0d 0.0d
  Private practice 81.1 [75.3–85.9] 88.5 [83.8–92.2] 61.0 [55.5–66.2] 64.2 [58.7–69.4] 100.0d 100.0d
Sex Female 43.6 [37.1–50.3] 39.8 [33.6–46.2] 42.0 [36.7–47.5] 40.7 [35.3–46.3] 29.6 [23.6–36.2] 31.3 [25.2–37.8]
  Male 53.3 [46.6–59.9] 55.3 [48.9–61.7] 57.4 [51.8–62.7] 57.1 [51.5–62.6] 68.5 [61.9–74.7] 65.6 [59.0–71.8]
  Unknown 3.1 [1.2–6.3] 4.9 [2.6–8.4] 0.6 [0.1–2.2] 2.2 [0.9–4.4] 1.9 [0.5–4.7] 3.1 [1.3–6.3]
Breed Purebred 19.4 [14.5–25.1] 20.9 [16.0–26.5] 20.7 [16.5–25.5] 21.6 [17.2–26.5] 6.5 [3.6–10.6] 7.6 [4.5–11.9]
  Mixed breed 75.8 [69.7–81.2] 75.0 [69.1–80.3] 74.2 [69.1–78.8] 73.5 [68.3–78.2] 88.0 [82.9–92.0] 87.5 [82.4–91.5]
  Unknown 4.8 [2.4–8.5] 4.1 [2.0–7.4] 5.1 [3.0–8.0] 4.9 [2.8–7.9] 5.6 [2.9–9.5] 4.9 [2.5–8.6]
Pretreatment Yese 9.3 [5.8–13.8] 8.2 [5.1–12.4] 8.1 [5.4–11.6] 8.6 [5.8–12.2] 3.2 [1.3–6.6] 2.7 [1.0–5.7]
  Unknown 2.6 [1.0–5.7] 2.0 [0.7–4.7] 2.4 [1.0–4.7] 1.2 [0.3–3.1] 0.9 [0.1–3.3] 0.4 [0.0–2.5]
Hospitalization Yese 15.9 [11.4–21.3] 10.7 [7.1–15.2] 36.0 [30.9–41.4] 36.7 [31.5–42.2] 6.0 [3.2–10.1] 9.8 [6.3–14.5]
Indication for AMUf Yes 28.2 [22.4–34.5] 32.0 [26.2–38.2] 17.1 [13.2–21.6] 17.0 [13.1–21.5] 30.1 [24.1–36.7] 36.6 [30.3–43.3]
  No 52.9 [46.1–59.5] 37.7 [31.6–44.1] 31.8 [26.9–37.1] 33.6 [28.5–39.1] 30.6 [24.5–37.2] 21.0 [15.8–26.9]
  Unknown 18.9 [14.1–24.7] 30.3 [24.6–36.5] 51.1 [45.5–56.5] 49.4 [43.8–55.0] 39.4 [32.8–46.2] 42.4 [35.9–49.2]
Diagnostic work-upg Yese 11.9 [8.0–16.8] 8.2 [5.1–12.4] 52.3 [46.7–57.7] 56.8 [51.2–62.3] NAh NAh
Local wound treatment Yese NAh NAh NAh NAh 72.2 [65.7–78.1] 81.3 [75.5–86.1]
  Unknown NAh NAh NAh NAh 5.6 [2.9–9.5] 5.8 [3.1–9.7]
Drainage Yese NAh NAh NAh NAh 15.3 [10.8–20.8] 21.4 [16.2–27.4]
  1. Non-overlapping 95% confidence intervals are shown in bold; Data from cases from 2016 has been published previously [45]; aaURTD, acute upper respiratory tract disease; bFLUTD, feline lower urinary tract disease; cCI, 95% confidence interval; dCases with abscesses were only recruited in private practices (see methods); eValues for the category “no” (reference group) are not shown; fAMU, antimicrobial use; gPCR for feline herpesvirus-1 and feline calicivirus in cases with aURTD; sediment analysis or culture of aseptically collected urine in cases with FLUTD; hNA, not applicable