Skip to main content

Table 1 Metabolites’ concentrations (mmol/L), expressed as mean ± standard deviation, quantified by 1H-NMR in bronchoalveolar fluid (BALF) samples of control group (Group C) and asthma group (Group A). 95% CI for each group is indicated in brackets. P values are indicated for each metabolite, statistical significances (*) are in bold letters

From: Respiratory metabolites in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) can differentiate horses affected by severe equine asthma from healthy horses

Metabolites Group C (n = 6) Group A (n = 6) P values
Formate* 1.17E-02 ± 1.77E-03 (1.02E-02 – 1.31E-02) 1.21E-02 ± 5.01E-03 (8.05E-03 – 1.61E-02) 0.040
Lactate 1.42E-02 ± 3.88E-03 (1.11E-02 – 1.73E-02) 1.29E-02 ± 2.12E-03 (1.12E-02 – 1.46E-02) 0.210
Myo-inositol* 2.82E-02 ± 1.70E-02 (1.46E-02 – 4.18E-02) 1.58E-02 ± 5.88E-03 (1.11E-02 – 2.05E-02) 0.036
Glycerol* 1.55E-03 ± 1.55E-03 (3.13E-04 – 2.80E-03) 1.03E-03 ± 3.12E-04 (7.78E-04 – 1.28E-03) 0.003
Glycine 5.48E-03 ± 1.43E-03 (4.33E-03 – 6.62E-03) 4.46E-03 ± 1.44E-03 (3.31E-03 – 5.61E-03) 0.994
Taurine 6.32E-03 ± 4.44E-03 (2.77E-03 – 9.88E-03) 1.03E-02 ± 9.45E-03 (1.78E-03–2.73E-02) 0.123
Creatine 1.60E-03 ± 8.37E-04 (2.27E-04–9.3E-03) 1.55E-03 ± 6.60E-04 (1.02E-03 – 2.08E-03) 0.615
Succinate 8.89E-04 ± 1.29E-04 (7.86E-04 – 9.92E-04) 8.49E-04 ± 2.26E-04 (1.03E-04–6.69E-03) 0.245
Pyruvate 9.46E-04 ± 2.96E-04 (7.09E-04 – 1.18E-03) 7.57E-04 ± 2.70E-04 (5.41E-04 – 9.74E-04) 0.845
Acetate 1.42E-02 ± 1.22E-03 (1.33E-02 – 1.52E-02) 1.41E-02 ± 2.18E-03 (1.23E-02 – 1.58E-02) 0.230
Ethanol 4.60E-03 ± 1.28E-03 (3.58E-03 – 5.62E-03) 4.61E-03 ± 7.68E-04 (3.99E-03 – 5.22E-03) 0.289
Isopropanol* 1.53E-03 ± 3.16E-04 (1.28E-03 – 1.79E-03) 3.66E-03 ± 5.22E-03 (5.18E-04 – 7.84E-03) < 0.001