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Table 2 Comparison between reference and predicted joint centres

From: Evaluation of a multibody kinematics optimization method for three-dimensional canine pelvic limb gait analysis

Kinematic Constraints Cranial/CaudalProximal/DistalLateral/MedialTotal Distance Error
mean ± SD (mm)p-valuemean ± SD (mm)p-valuemean ± SD (mm)p-valuemean ± SD (mm)
Hip joint centreReference− 83.6 ± 15.20.034−36.9 ± 3.40.016− 11.5 ± 10.90.54716.7 ± 5.4
Prediction−89.8 ± 17.2−25.3 ± 8.3−9.7 ± 12.9
Stifle joint centreReference0.7 ± 6.10.743−1.2 ± 5.50.5431.3 ± 2.00.1097.5 ± 3.5
Prediction0.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.0
  1. The reference and predicted 3-D positions (in mm) of the hip and stifle joint centres in corresponding AFs. The total distance errors between the reference and predicted joint centres are also presented. Statistical comparisons were made with a significance level of 0.05