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Table 7 Patterns of resistance to antibiotics observed in commensal enterococci (n = 145) isolated from racing pigeons

From: Prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility and virulence factors of Enterococcus species in racing pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica)

Number of antibioticsAntibiotic combinations (number of resistant isolates)Total % (n) of resistant isolates
9Penicillin/Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Chloramphenicol/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)0.7% (1)
8Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/High level gentamicin/Vancomycin (1)2.1% (3)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Chloramphenicol/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
Penicillin/Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
7Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (3)4.1% (6)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin/High level gentamicin/Vancomycin (1)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/High level gentamicin/Vancomycin (1)
Penicillin/Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
6Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (2)5.5% (8)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/ChloramphenicoL/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (1)
Penicillin/Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (1)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Chloramphenicol/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin/High level gentamicin/Vancomycin (1)
5Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Chloramphenicol/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (8)17.2% (25)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (5)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (4)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (3)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (3)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin (1)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Chloramphenicol/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin (1)
4Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (31)29% (42)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Nitrofurantoin/Teicoplanin (6)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (2)
Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Chloramphenicol/Teicoplanin (1)
Enrofloxacin/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline/Vancomycin (1)
Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
3Enrofloxacin/Doxycycline/Teicoplanin (11)16.6% (24)
Doxycycline/Erythromycin/Teicoplanin (6)
Enrofloxacin/Nitrofurantoin/Erythromycin (3)
Enrofloxacin/Nitrofurantoin/Tetracycline (1)
Doxycycline/Chloramphenicol/Teicoplanin (1)
Doxycycline/Teicoplanin/Vancomycin (1)
Penicillin/Doxycycline/Teicoplanin (1)
2Enrofloxacin/Nitrofurantoin (6)5.5% (8)
Doxycycline/Teicoplanin (2)
1Enrofloxacin (12)12.4% (18)
Nitrofurantoin (6)
006.9% (10)