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Table 4 Prevalence [n, (%)] of the virulence factors in different Enterococcus species isolated from racing pigeons

From: Prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility and virulence factors of Enterococcus species in racing pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica)

Enterococcus spp.No. of isolatesGenes encoding virulence factors
asa1 (aggregation substance)gelE (gelatinase)hyl (hyaluronidase)efaA (endocarditis antigen)ace (collagen-binding protein)esp (enterococcal surface protein)cylA (cytolysin)
E. columbae5018 (36%)21 (42%)0 (0%)12 (24%)14 (28%)2 (4%)9 (18%)
E. hirae308 (26.7%)8 (26.7%)0 (0%)7 (23.3%)7 (23.3%)4 (13.3%)9 (30%)
E. faecium178 (47.1%)7 (41.2%)0 (0%)4 (23.5%)4 (23.5%)2 (11.8%)4 (23.5%)
E. faecalis1713 (76.5%)13 (76.5%)0 (0%)16 (94.1%)*↑13 (76.5%)*↑2 (11.8%)10 (58.8%)
E. gallinarum137 (53.9%)6 (46.2%)0 (0%)3 (23.1%)3 (23.1%)2 (15.4%)3 (23.1%)
E. mundtii73 (42.9%)2 (28.6%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (14.3%)
E. casseliflavus52 (40%)3 (60%)0 (0%)1 (20%)1 (20%)1 (20%)2 (40%)
E. cecorum31 (33.3%)2 (66.7%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (33.3%)0 (0%)1 (33.3%)
E. durans31 (33.3%)1 (33.3%)0 (0%)1 (33.3%)1 (33.3%)0 (0%)1 (33.3%)
Total14561 (42.1%)63 (43.5%)0 (0%)44 (30.3%)44 (30.3%)13 (9%)40 (27.6%)
  1. * p < 0.001