Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression in PMM (n = 45) and control groups (n = 152)) examining risk factors for PMM

From: Risk factors associated with progressive myelomalacia in dogs with complete sensorimotor loss following intervertebral disc extrusion: a retrospective case-control study

 PMMControlP-valueOR95% CI
Breed
 • Dachshund19870.080.490.2–1.1
 • Cocker Spaniel380.840.850.2–3.9
 • Other2357Ref  
Sex
 • Female intact4130.381.90.5–9.6
 • Female spayed21660.401.50.6–3.4
 • Male intact7220.631.330.4–4.1
 • Male neutered1351Ref  
Age
 • ≤ 6 y371190.81.130.4–3.0
 • > 6 y833Ref  
Site
 • Intumescence15210.013.01.3–7.2
 • Thoracolumbar30131Ref  
Extent of extrusion
 • Extensive (>  1 disc space)20620.81.10.5–2.3
 • Focal2590Ref  
Treatment with NSAIDs
 • No291060.760.890.4–2.0
 • Yes1646Ref  
Treatment with steroid
 • No34860.013.11.3–7.6
 • Yes1166Ref  
Time from onset of clinical signs to loss of ambulation0.62See Table 3 for details
Time from loss of ambulation to surgery0.03
  1. PMM progressive myelomalacia, OR: odds ratio, CI confidence interval, Ref reference, NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug