Skip to main content

Table 1 Dogs reported with extradural intraspinal cysts in the reviewed literature

From: Spontaneous regression of extradural intraspinal cysts in a dog: a case report

Type of cyst Location Breed Gender Age (years) Other imaging findings at cyst location Clinical signs References
Extradural instraspinal cyst C2-C3 CKCS M 2 No Cervical pain Harris et al., 2011 [20]
Gangliona L6-L7, L7-S1 GSD F 6 Lumbarization of S1, Cd1 fused to sacrum Lumbosacral pain Webb et al., 2001 [4]
Synoviala AA joint Chihuahua M 5 No Cervical pain Forterre et al., 2012 [8]
Synoviala C3–C4, C4–C5, C5–C6 Mastiff M 1.25 Degenerative changes and periarticular bone formation at articular process joints Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Levitski et al., 1999 [7]
Synoviala C3–C4, C4–C5, C5–C6 Mastiff M 1.5 Degenerative changes of articular process joints Tetraparesis, ataxia, cervical pain Levitski et al., 1999 [7]
Synoviala C4-C5, C5-C6, C6-C7 Mastiff F 2 Degenerative changes and remodelling of articular processes Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala C4-C5, C5-C6, C6-C7 Mastiff M 1.5 Degenerative changes and remodelling of articular processes Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala C5-C6 Great Dane M 1.25 Degenerative changes of articular process joints Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Levitski et al., 1999 [7]
Synoviala C5-C6 Mastiff M 1.25 Degenerative changes of articular process joints Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Levitski et al., 1999 [7]
Synoviala C5-C6, C6-C7 Great Dane F 2.2 Degenerative changes and remodelling of articular processes Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala C5-C6, C6-C7 Mastiff M 3 Degenerative changes and remodelling of articular processes Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala C5-C6, C6-C8 Great Dane F 1.6 Degenerative changes and remodelling of articular processes Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala C6-C7 Great Dane M 1 Degenerative changes and remodelling of articular processes Ataxia, tetraparesis, cervical pain Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala L1-L2 GSD M 9 Widespread degenerative articular process joint changes Ataxia, paraparesis Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala L6-L7 Boxer F 2 Sacralization of L7 Lumbosacral pain Sale and Smith, 2007 [19]
Synoviala L6-L7 GSD F 6 Lumbarization of S1 Lumbar and lumbosacral pain Sale and Smith, 2007 [19]
Synoviala L7-S1 GSD M 8 Ventral spondylosis, endplate sclerosis, disc protrusion Lumbosacral pain Schmökel and Rapp, 2016 [6]
Synoviala L7-S1 GSD F 6 Ventral spondylosis, endplate sclerosis, disc protrusion Lumbosacral pain Schmökel and Rapp, 2016 [6]
Synoviala L7-S1 GSD F 8 Ventral spondylosis, endplate sclerosis, and periarticular bone formation with degenerative changes of the articular processes Lumbosacral pain Forterre et al., 2006 [5]
Synoviala L7-S1 GSD M 9 Ventral spondylosis, endplate sclerosis, disc protrusion Lumbosacral pain Forterre et al., 2006 [5]
Synoviala L7-S1 GSD F 5 Ventral spondylosis, endplate sclerosis Lumbosacral pain Schmökel and Rapp, 2016 [6]
Synoviala T13-L1 Border Collie F 9 Bridging spondylosis of the thoracolumbar spine and degenerative changes at the articular process joints Non-ambulatory paraparesis Sale and Smith, 2007 [19]
Synoviala T13-L1 GSD F 8 Widespread degenerative articular process joint changes Ataxia, paraparesis Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala T13-L1 GSP F 10 Ventral spondylosis Ataxia, paraparesis Dickinson et al., 2001 [2]
Synoviala T13-L1 Siberian Husky M 8 No Ataxia, paraparesis Perez et al., 2000 [21]
  1. aConfirmed via histology. CKCS Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, GSD German Shepherd Dog, GSP German Shorthaired Pointer