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Table 3 Prevalence of co-infections detected in ticks from domestic dogs in Latvia

From: Tick-borne pathogens in ticks collected from dogs, Latvia, 2011–2016

  Tick species
I. ricinus
(95% CI)
I. persulcatus
(95% CI)
D. reticulatus
(95% CI)
Total
(95% CI)
No. of samples analysed 581 24 27 632
B. garinii two genotypes 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. valaisiana two genotypes 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. valaisiana + B. spielmanii 1.6 (0.77–2.96) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.4 (0.71–2.73)
B. afzelii + B. venatorum 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. afzelii + B. microti 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. afzelii + R. helvetica 1.0 (0.42–2.29) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.0 (0.38–2.11)
B. spielmanii + R. helvetica 0.3 (0.01–1.33) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.3 (0.01–1.23)
B. valaisiana + R. helvetica 0.5 (0.10–1.58) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.5 (0.09–1.46)
B. miyamotoi + R. helvetica 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
A. phagocytophilum + R. helvetica 1.2 (0.53–2.52) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.1 (0.49–2.32)
A. phagocytophilum + B. capreoli 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. microti + R. helvetica 0.5 (0.10–1.58) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.5 (0.09–1.46)
B. canis + R. raoultii 0 (0–0.79) 0 (0–16.31) 7.4 (0.96–24.47) 0.3 (0.01–1.23)
B. canis + R. monacensis 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. sp. venatorum + R. helvetica 0.3 (0.01–1.33) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.3 (0.01–1.23)
B. spielmanii + B. valaisiana + R. helvetica 0.7 (0.2–1.82) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.6 (0.18–1.68)
B. afzelii + A. phagocytophilum + R. helvetica 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. garinii + A. phagocytophilum + R. helvetica 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
B. afzelii + B. microti + R. helvetica 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
Coinfections TOTAL 7.9 (5.97–10.42) 0 (0–16.31) 7.4 (0.96–24.47) 7.6 (5.76–9.94)