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Table 2 Prevalence of pathogens in ticks from domestic dogs in Latvia

From: Tick-borne pathogens in ticks collected from dogs, Latvia, 2011–2016

Pathogen species* Tick species
I. ricinus
(95% CI)
I. persulcatus
(95% CI)
D. reticulatus
(95% CI)
Total
(95% CI)
Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. group, total 10.7 (8.4–13.46) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 9.8 (7.72–12.39)
B. garinii 1.7 (0.89–3.18) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.6 (0.82–2.93)
B. afzelii 3.6 (2.35–5.49) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 3.3 (2.16–5.05)
B. valaisiana 1.4 (0.65–2.74) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.3 (0.6–2.52)
B. spielmanii 1.4 (0.65–2.74) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.3 (0.6–2.52)
B. burgdorferi s. l. group, mix of two genotypes 2.6 (1.53–4.25) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 2.4 (1.41–3.91)
Borrelia miyamotoi 1.0 (0.42–2.29) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.0 (0.38–2.11)
A. phagocytophilum 6.0 (4.34–8.28) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 5.5 (3.99–7.62)
Babesia, total 4.0 (2.62–5.90 0 (0–16.31) 14.8 (5.3–33.1) 4.3 (2.93–6.17)
B. canis 1.0 (0.42–2.29) † 0 (0–16.31) 14.8 (5.3–33.1) 1.6 (0.82–2.93)
B. microti 1.6 (0.77–2.96) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.4 (0.71–2.73)
B. venatorum 1.2 (0.53–2.52) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 1.1 (0.49–2.32)
B. capreoli 0.2 (0.01–1.07) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.2 (0.01–0.98)
Rickettsia, total 24.3 (20.95–27.92) 8.3 (1.16–27.0) 11.1 (3.03–28.88) 23.1 (19.98–26.55)
R. helvetica 23.6 (20.3–27.2) † 8.3 (1.16–27.0 0 (0–14.76) † 22.0 (18.93–25.39)
R. monacensis 0.5 (0.1–1.58) 0 (0–16.31) 0 (0–14.76) 0.5 (0.09–1.46)
R. raoultii 0.2 (0.01–1.07) † 0 (0–16.31) 11.1 (3.03–28.88) † 0.6 (0.18–1.68)
Ticks analysed 581 24 27 632
  1. * Including coinfections
  2. † Prevalences with different indices which are significantly different with P values ≤0.05 are indicated in bold. P values were corrected for multiple testing by Holm correction