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Table 2 Results of haematological analysis and clinical chemistry at the time of hospitalisation of seven Belgian Blue crossbred calves referred to the clinic. Calves 1, 2 and 3 were referred with existing signs of alopecia. Calves 4–7 were picked up at the farm in the first week of life and moved to the clinic before signs appeared. Reference intervals for German Simmental calves, established at the Clinic for Ruminants, LMU Munich, Germany unless otherwise stated. Values above the reference interval are marked with ↑, and those below the reference interval with ↓

From: Alopecia in Belgian Blue crossbred calves: a case series

ParameterUnitReference intervalCalf 1Calf 2Calf 3Calf 4Calf 5Calf 6Calf 7
Red blood cells× 1012/L5–812.8 ↑13.4 ↑9.3↑8.7↑9.1↑11.0↑9.3↑
Haemoglobinmmol/L6.2–8.78.9↑9.4↑7.37.27.39.6↑7.6
Haematocrit%30–3652.6↑62.2↑40.239.141.147↑38.7
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)fl40–6041.137.4↓43.345.245.34241.6
Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)mmol/L16–2117.918.418.218.417.821.020.7
Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)fmol0.9–1.40.7↓0.7↓0.8↓0.8↓0.8↓0.90.9
Platelets×  109200–800718662754754368339529
White Blood Cells (WBC)× 1094–1025.0↑8.523.2↑5.310.3↑12.7↑17.2↑
Ureammol/L< 5.55.9↑5.03.919.6↑2.33.22.6
Creatinineμmol/L< 11043.242.492.5248.4↑131↑153.2↑85.5
Urea/Creatinine 30–50136↑118↑4279↑182130
Total Protein (TP)g/L55–7051.1↓53.449.6↓48.3↓58.751.5↓51↓
Albuming/L30–4027.4↓26.2↓21.5↓23.7↓17.5↓28.2↓24.5↓
Sodiummmol/L135–150139.3127↓130↓131.5↓134.1↓133.7↓132↓
Potassiummmol/L4–53.9↓3.6↓4.54.34.55.14.4
Calciummmol/L2–31.2↓1.2↓2.11.1↓1.3↓1.2↓1.2↓
Phosphorusmmol/L1.5–2.12.3↑1.81.72.6↑2.3↑2.12.3↑
Ironμmol/L12–449.7↓23.28.9↓24.825.913.716
Copperμmol/L8–398.29.018.111.24.3↓7.6↓10.8
Zincμmol/L10–2010.917.37.7↓8.6↓12.313.015.4
Molybdenumμg/L< 10a< 10< 10< 10< 1024599294
Glutathione peroxidaseU/gHb> 250310396352440308442344
Vitamin Cmg/L2-20bn.a.9.27.61079.84.1
  1. aReference interval established at IDEXX VetMed Labor GmbH, Ludwigsburg, Germany
  2. bReference interval established at Labor Limbach, Heidelberg, Germany