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Table 3 Haematological profile in control group and Leishmania infantum infected equines and canines

From: Assessment of Leishmania infantum infection in equine populations in a canine visceral leishmaniosis transmission area

  Control Group Infected Group p- value Control Group Infected Group p- value
(X±SD) (X±SD)   (X±SD) (X±SD)  
Equine Samples Canine Samples
RBC (x106 cells/μL) 7.51 ±1.26 6.69 ± 1.58 0.03 a* 5.75 ± 0.98 4.90 ± 0.81 0.02a*
HCT (%) 36.76 ± 5.52 32.47 ± 7.11 0.01 a* 38.47 ± 7.02 33.38 ± 6.03 0.06 a
Hb (g/dl) 12.48 ± 1.81 11.21 ± 2.32 0.09 b 13.00 ± 2.86 11.33 ± 2.20 0.12 a
MCV (fl) 49.17 ± 3.35 49.10 ± 5.01 0.86 a 66.84 ± 3.71 67.99 ± 4.07 0.37 b
MCHC (g/dl) 34.01 ±1.27 34.69 ± 1.30 0.06b 33.60 ± 2.03 33.90 ± 1.34 0.24 a
PLT (x103 cells/μL) 163.51 ± 119.58 145.50 ± 72.07 0.81b 169.30 ± 101.58 186.45 ± 139.86 0.78 a
WBC (x103 cells/μL) 11.88 ± 3.27 11.23 ±3.87 0.36 a 13.87 ± 5.00 18.57 ± 8.22 0.83 a
Absolute Neutrophils Rods (cells/μL) 340.48± 353.79 288.43 ± 229.50 0.72 b 1.764 ± 2.205 2.231 ± 1.220 0.09 a
Relative Neutrophils Rods (%) 2.99 ± 3.07 2.71 ± 2.40 0.99 b 11.73 ± 10.97 13.18 ± 7.44 0.30 a
Absolute Neutrophils (cells/μL) 6.118 ± 2.171 4.774 ± 1.598 0.01 a* 7.370 ± 2.972 8.768 ± 5.270 0.44 a
Relative Neutrophils (%) 51.61 ± 10.42 45.29 ± 14.24 0.11 b 54.47 ± 18.18 44.27 ± 12.15 0.12 a
Absolute Eosinophils (cells/μL) 460.75 ± 319.31 433.07 ± 372.51 0.55 b 395.33 ± 499.66 511.82 ± 687.42 0.73 b
Relative Eosinophils (%) 4.14 ± 3.08 4.07 ± 3.47 0.83 b 2.80 ± 3.52 2.64 ± 2.76 0.81 b
Absolute Basophils (cells/μL) 95.61 ± 137.59 148.64 ± 161.38 0.09 b 96.80 ± 195.41 126.45 ± 170.93 0.49 b
Relative Basophils (%) 0.80 ± 1.07 1.21 ± 0.89 0.05 b* 0.80 ± 1.82 1.00 ± 1.41 0.47 b
Absolute Lymphocytes (cells/μL) 4.444 ± 1.969 5.290 ± 3.543 0.42 a 3.148 ± 2.093 5.728 ± 2.531 0.00 a*
Relative Lymphocytes (%) 36.99 ± 10.78 44.36 ± 14.48 0.08 b 22.20 ± 10.97 33.36 ±12.16 0.02 a*
Absolute Monocytes (cells/μL) 410.63 ± 366.48 300.71 ± 316.82 0.20 b 1.097 ± 909.43 1.207 ± 1.381 0.81 a
Relative Monocytes (%) 3.31 ± 2.66 2.36 ± 2.13 0.24 b 13.33 ± 21.77 5.55 ± 4.54 0.20 a
PLR 0.04 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.02 0.62 b 0.08 ± 0.11 0.03 ± 0.02 0.04b*
NLR 1.68 ± 0.79 1.30 ± 0.78 0.10 a 4.78 ± 5.22 2.09 ±1.13 0.06 b
  1. X Mean, SD Standard Deviation; *The difference was considered significant when P value less than 0.05; a Student T test; b Wilcoxon test; Reference values for equine specie: RBC: 6,5-12,5; HCT: 32-52; Hb: 11-19; MCV: 34-58; MCHC: 31-37; PLT: 100-600; WBC: 5.5-12.5; Neutrophils Rods: 0-100; Neutrophils: 2.700-6.700; Eosinophil: 0-925; Basophil: 0-170; Lymphocytes: 1.500-5.500; Monocytes: 0-800; Reference values for canine specie: RBC: 5,5-8,5; HCT: 37-50; Hb: 12-18; MCV: 60-67; MCHC: 32-37; PLT: 200-500; WBC: 6-17; Neutrophils Rods: 0-300; Neutrophils: 3.000-11.500; Eosinophil: 150-1.250; Basophil: 0-200; Lymphocytes: 1.000-4.800; Monocytes: 150-1.350