Skip to main content

Table 1 The differences in urinary NGAL and MMP-9 concentrations and various other parameters among the different groups

From: Identification of urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin molecular forms and their association with different urinary diseases in cats

Parameter Control   Non-RP   CKD   AKI   Pyuria   A + P   p
uNGAL (ng/ml) 0.46 (0.3–0.6) a n = 12 0.75 (0.5–0.9) b n = 26 0.37 (0.2–0.6) a n = 52 1.78 (0.8–6.6) c n = 21 1.21 (0.5–28.2) b, c n = 16 11.56 (1.1–47.5) c n = 27 < 0.001
UNCR (10− 6) 0.17 (0.1–0.3) a n = 12 0.37 (0.2–1.3) b n = 26 0.56 (0.2–1.3) b n = 52 2.92 (1.1–7.7) c, d n = 21 1.43 (0.4–26.2) c n = 16 5.50 (1.4–84.7) d n = 27 < 0.001
Age (years) 5.0 (3–6.8) a n = 12 7.5 (3.3–12.5) a n = 24 10.5 (7–15) b n = 52 11 (9–15) b n = 22 9.0 (4–11.8) a n = 16 8 (5.5–13.5) a n = 27 < 0.001
HCT (%) 40.9 (39–44.7) a n = 12 30.6 (27.5–36.1) b n = 23 31 (23–35.8) b n = 50 27.3 (22.2–33) b n = 21 30.5 (25.5–36) b n = 15 31 (24.6–38) b n = 28 < 0.001
BUN() 7.5 (7–8.8) a n = 12 7.1 (6.4–8.9) a n = 25 15.71 (10.7–23.4) b n = 55 54.4 (33.8–77.7) d n = 22 6.8 (4.9–8.3) a n = 15 20.2 (14.3–38.3) c n = 28 < 0.001
Cre (umol/L) 132 (123–132.6) b n = 12 110.5 (88.4–123.8) a n = 26 274.04 (221–406.7) c n = 55 1127.1 (495.2–1299.7) e n = 22 92.82 (70.4–123.8 a n = 16 393.38 (238.7–583.6) d n = 28 < 0.001
Phos (mmol/L) 1.45 (1.2–1.7) a, b n = 14 1.58 (1.3–2) b n = 49 3.68 (1.7–5.8) c n = 21 1.36 (0.81–1.49) a n = 9 2.2 (1.4–3.9) c n = 26 < 0.001
urine pH 6.4 (6–6.7) c, d n = 12 6.3 (6–6.6) c, d n = 26 6 (5.5–6.3)b, c n = 55 5.6 (5.3–5.9) a n = 22 6.5 (6.2–7) d n = 16 6.1 (5.7–6.3) c n = 28 < 0.001
uRBC (/HPF) 0 (0–2) a n = 12 0 (0–12.5) a n = 26 0 (0–9) a n = 55 2.5 (0–9) a n = 22 55.5 (20.3–60) b n = 16 60 (18–60) b n = 28 < 0.001
uWBC (/HPF) 0 (0–0) a n = 12 0 (0–0) a n = 26 0 (0–1) a n = 55 1 (0–3.3) b n = 22 24 (9.5–53) c n = 16 60 (18.5–60) d n = 28 < 0.001
  1. CKD Chronic kidney disease, AKI Acute kidney injury, Pyuria Pyuria without azotemia, A + P Azotemia with pyuria, Non-RP Diseases without any relation of azotemia and pyuria, NGAL Urinary NGAL, UNCR Urinary NGAL-to-creatinine ratio, HCT Hematocrit, Cre Creatinine, Phos Phosphate, USG Urine specific gravity, uRBC Urine RBC, uWBC Urine WBC, HPF High power field
  2. Data are medians (IQR) and compared by the Kruskal-Wallis test (p < 0.05 indicates significant difference); Dunn’s test for the post hoc test and the different superscripts, a, b, c, d indicate various significant differences