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Table 1 Relative mRNA expression levels (fold change (2-ΔΔCt)) of C. abortus genes at 48 and 72 h post infection in LE and AH-1 cells treated with estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4) or penicillin (pen). Data are normalized for the 16S rRNA gene. Highlighted in green: significant up-regulation (2-fold cut-off); highlighted in red: significant down-regulation (cut-off < 0.5). T3SS: Type III secretion system

From: Effect of female sex hormones on the developmental cycle of Chlamydia abortus compared to a penicillin-induced model of persistent infection