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Table 2 Comparison of serum proteins and hematology parameters across four groups of Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus)

From: Metabolic derangements and reduced survival of bile-extracted Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus)

AnalyteaRRbUnitGroupcnMeanMedianRange (min-max)SDd
ALB29–53g/LBE24441.340.9(23–58.9)6.35
FNE9732.231.0(14.0–60.7)6.68
ZOO2030.131.0(18.0–34.0)3.65
FR2533.032.0(29.0–39.0)2.61
GLOB20–49g/LBE24434.233.6(15.2–76.0)8.99
FNE9638.039.0(22.3–51.0)5.73
ZOO2047.247.5(39.0–60.0)5.13
FR2539.439.0(33.0–47.0)4.22
TP60–92g/LBE24475.574.9(42.5–106.0)9.08
FNE9770.070.0(44.0–92.0)7.58
ZOO2077.377.5(57.0–87.0)6.41
FR2572.471.0(64.0–85.0)5.39
PCV30–54%BE23043.043.4(13.7–67.6)8.44
FNE6942.844.0(8.0–58.0)8.38
ZOO2048.848.4(44.0–54.9)3.15
FR2445.345.5(34.3–63.8)6.05
TWBC3.14–10.43X10^9/LBE23711.239.65(3.20–112.0)8.95
FNE547.757.40(2.30–14.50)2.86
ZOO2011.3711.75(6.80–15.0)2.26
FR247.487.30(3.40–14.90)2.53
  1. aALB = albumin, GLOB = globulin, TP = total protein, PCV = packed cell volume, TWBC = total white blood cell
  2. bRR = reference range [13,14,15]
  3. cBE = bile-extracted, FNE = farm-not-extracted, ZOO = zoo, FR = free-range
  4. dSD = standard deviation