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Table 3 Associations between perceptions and outbreaks of ASF

From: Smallholders’ perceptions on biosecurity and disease control in relation to African swine fever in an endemically infected area in Northern Uganda

Statementa Perceptionb
Second occasionc Third Occasionc
General biosecurity
 I think it is possible to protect my pigs from getting ASFd by improving farm bio security
  ASF outbreak second interview occasion 4/3.40** 4/3.73
  No ASF outbreak second interview occasion 4/3.83 4/3.79
  ASF outbreak third interview occasion NA 4/3.43**
  No ASF outbreak third interview occasion NA 4/3.84
Control interventions
 I would be happy to buy pork products from a slaughterhouse that receive pigs that have been in contact with pigs dying from ASF
  ASF outbreak second interview occasion 2/2.13* 2/1.73
  No ASF outbreak second interview occasion 2/1.71 2/1.66
  ASF outbreak third interview occasion NA 2/2.00*
  No ASF outbreak third interview occasion NA 2, 1.62
  1. * = p = 0.1; ** = p < 0.05
  2. aAssociations consistent over the two interview occasions are shown
  3. bPerceptions were measured as agreements with given statements according to a Likert-scale with five levels: strongly agree = 5; agree = 4; neither agree nor disagree = 3; Disagree = 2; Strongly disagree = 1. Associations were evaluated using the Kruskal Wallis test
  4. cMedian/mean
  5. dASF African swine fever