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Table 2 Practices of Tennessee beef producers related to antimicrobial use, 2018

From: A survey of antimicrobial use practices of Tennessee beef producers

Practice Cattle operation type (number of respondents) Number of respondents (Row percentage)
Yes Not sure No
Farm kept up-to-date written records of antimicrobial drug purchases (208 respondents) Backgrounding-stocking (9) 9 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Cow-calf production (154) 90 (58) 17 (11.0) 47 (31)
Multiple operation type, others (39) 26 (66.7) 4 (10.3) 9 (23.0)
Seed stock operation (6) 6 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Total 131 (63) 21 (10.1) 56 (26.9)
Farm kept written records of medicated feeds purchased in the framework of VFD (201 respondents) Backgrounding-stocking (9) 9 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Cow-calf production (148) 69 (46.6) 21 (14.2) 58 (39.2)
Multiple operation type, others (38) 25 (65.8) 2 (5.3) 11 (28.9)
Seed stock operation (6) 6 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Total 109 (54.2) 23 (11.4) 69 (34.3)
Farm kept up-to-date written records of antimicrobial drugs used to treat animals (209 respondents) Backgrounding-stocking (9) 9 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Cow-calf production (155) 102 (65.8) 11 (7.1) 42 (27.1)
Multiple operation type, others (39) 28 (71.8) 3 (7.7) 8 (20.5)
Seed stock operation (6) 6 (100) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Total 145 (69.4) 14 (6.7) 50 (23.9)
Cattle in the farm were sometimes treated with antimicrobials at dosages higher than the label provision (204 respondents) Backgrounding-stocking (8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 8 (100)
Cow-calf production (151) 9 (6) 9 (6) 133 (88)
Multiple operation type, others (39) 6 (15.4) 1 (2.6) 32 (82)
Seed stock operation (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (100)
Total 15 (7.4) 10 (4.9) 179 (87.7)
Farm practiced extra-label AMU (201 respondents) Backgrounding-stocking (8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 8 (100)
Cow-calf production (149) 12 (8) 12 (8) 125 (84)
Multiple operation type, others (38) 7 (18.4) 1 (2.6) 30 (79)
Seed stock operation (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (100)
Total 19 (9.4) 13 (6.5) 169 (84.1)
Farm had written protocols for treating sick animals with antimicrobials (199 respondents) Backgrounding-stocking (8) 2 (26) 0 (0) 6 (75)
Cow-calf production (147) 22 (15) 6 (4.0) 119 (81)
Multiple operation type, others (38) 9 (23.7) 4 (10.5) 25 (65.8)
Seed stock operation (6) 3 (50) 0 (0) 3 (50)
Total 36 (18.1) 10 (5) 153 (76.9)