Skip to main content

Table 12 Types of diagnostic tests used in paratuberculosis control programs in 2012–2018 in each type of livestock. Data are the number of countries among the 22 countries with control programs, sorted by frequency of test

From: Control of paratuberculosis: who, why and how. A review of 48 countries

Test Cattle - dairy Cattle - beef Sheep Goats Camelids Deer - farmed Other Not used
Serum ELISA 17 17 9 10 1 3   3
Faecal PCR - individual 18 17 13 12 6 9 3 4
Faecal culture - individual 13 13 9 9 6 9 3 5
Pathology 16 15 13 14 8 11 3 6
Faecal PCR - pooled 12 10 5 4 2 3   10
Milk ELISA - individuals 10   1 2     11
Faecal culture - pooled 8 8 5 4 3 3   12
Milk ELISA - bulk milk 6    1     15
Environmental faecal test - culture or PCR 6 2 1 2     16
Complement fixation test 5 5 4 3 2 3 1 17
Faecal ZN smear 4 4 3 3 2 3 2 18
Other 1    1     20
Intradermal skin test 1 1 1 1     21
Serum AGID     1     21