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Table 5 Quality of life and skin condition as perceived by dog owners during the study period

From: Non-controlled, open-label clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of a dietetic food on pruritus and dermatologic scoring in atopic dogs

Parameter rated LSM (SE)/N* Visit P-value
Week 0 Week 4 Week 8
Acceptance LSM (SE) 5.00 (0.19) 4.60 (0.19) 4.60 (0.19) 0.1408
N 5 5 5  
Dandruff LSM (SE) 2.82 (0.69) 1.09 (0.69) 1.91 (0.69) 0.0743
N 11 11 11  
Disruption to family LSM (SE) 3.18 (0.93) 2.36 (0.93) 2.36 (0.93) 0.0967
N 11 11 11  
Hair loss LSM (SE) 5.91 (0.99) 4.27 (0.99) 4.55 (0.99) 0.0684
N 11 11 11  
Head shaking LSM (SE) 3.15 (0.82) 2.31 (0.82) 2.26 (0.84) 0.1617
N 13 13 11  
Licking LSM (SE) 6.31 (0.67)a 3.46 (0.67)b 4.06 (0.73)ab 0.0055
N 13 13 11  
Odor LSM (SE) 2.45 (0.74) 1.73 (0.74) 1.27 (0.74) 0.0521
N 11 11 11  
Overall condition of skin LSM (SE) 4.64 (0.78) 3.45 (0.78) 3.27 (0.78) 0.1332
N 11 11 11  
Quality of life LSM (SE) 6.86 (0.68) 6.93 (0.68) 7.51 (0.73) 0.6296
N 14 14 11  
Redness/erythema LSM (SE) 5.45 (0.82)a 3.91 (0.82)b 2.82 (0.82)c 0.0007
N 11 11 11  
Rubbing LSM (SE) 4.85 (0.83) 4.54 (0.83) 3.82 (0.89) 0.6333
N 13 13 11  
Scratching all skin LSM (SE) 5.23 (0.87)a 3.08 (0.87)b 2.94 (0.88)bc 0.0001
N 13 13 11  
Scratching of ears LSM (SE) 4.00 (0.87) 2.27 (0.87) 2.18 (0.87) 0.0129
N 11 11 11  
Shininess of hair LSM (SE) 3.73 (0.80) 2.73 (0.80) 3.55 (0.80) 0.2195
N 11 11 11  
Softness of hair LSM (SE) 3.64 (0.75) 2.91 (0.75) 3.27 (0.75) 0.6753
N 11 11 11  
  1. Legend: Dog owner assessment scores of various quality of life and atopic dermatitis clinical signs at baseline, week 4, and week 8. *LSM = least squares mean; SE = Standard error; N = number of dogs for which data were available at each time point. a,b,c Within each row, time points with different letters are significantly different (Tukey’s p-value < 0.05)