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Table 2 Comparison of average serum concentration of biomarkers between control and injured group in Polish racehorse population

From: Revisiting predictive biomarkers of musculoskeletal injury in thoroughbred racehorses: longitudinal study in polish population

Biomarker Serum concentration (mean ± SD) p value
Control group Injured group  
GAG (mcg/mL) 47.29 ± 4.83 42.16 ± 3.34 0.012 *
CS846 (ng/mL) 335.8 ± 126.8 270.6 ± 95.62 0.207
CPII (ng/mL) 3633 ± 590.0 3070 ± 706.7 0.044 *
OC (ng/mL) 59.53 ± 10.07 43.92 ± 5.734 0.0004
CTX I (ng/mL) 0.4152 ± 0.13 0.6285 ± 0.08 0.0002
  1. * Values differ significantly p < 0.05; ‡ values differ significantly p < 0.001. SD – standard deviation